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SubjectRe: Random file I/O regressions in 2.6
Alexey Kopytov wrote:
> Hello!
>
> I tried to compare random file I/O performance in 2.4 and 2.6 kernels and
> found some regressions that I failed to explain. I tested 2.4.25, 2.6.5-bk2
> and 2.6.6-rc3 with my own utility SysBench which was written to generate
> workloads similar to a database under intensive load.
>
> For 2.6.x kernels anticipatory, deadline, CFQ and noop I/O schedulers were
> tested with AS giving the best results for this workload, but it's still about
> 1.5 times worse than the results for 2.4.25 kernel.
>
> The SysBench 'fileio' test was configured to generate the following workload:
> 16 worker threads are created, each running random read/write file requests in
> blocks of 16 KB with a read/write ratio of 1.5. All I/O operations are evenly
> distributed over 128 files with a total size of 3 GB. Each 100 requests, an
> fsync() operations is performed sequentially on each file. The total number of
> requests is limited by 10000.
>
> The FS used for the test was ext3 with data=ordered.
>

I am able to reproduce this here. 2.6 isn't improved by increasing
nr_requests, relaxing IO scheduler deadlines, or turning off readahead.
It looks like 2.6 is submitting a lot of the IO in 4KB sized requests...

Hmm, oh dear. It looks like the readahead logic shat itself and/or
do_generic_mapping_read doesn't know how to handle multipage reads
properly.

What ends up happening is that readahead gets turned off, then the
16K read ends up being done in 4 synchronous 4K chunks. Because they
are synchronous, they have no chance of being merged with one another
either.

I have attached a proof of concept hack... I think what should really
happen is that page_cache_readahead should be taught about the size
of the requested read, and ensures that a decent amount of reading is
done while within the read request window, even if
beyond-request-window-readahead has been previously unsuccessful.

Numbers with an IDE disk, 256MB ram
2.4.24: 81s
2.6.6-rc3-mm1: 126s
rc3-mm1+patch: 87s

The small remaining regression might be explained by 2.6's smaller
nr_requests, IDE driver, io scheduler tuning, etc.

> Here are the results (values are number of seconds to complete the test):
>
> 2.4.25: 77.5377
>
> 2.6.5-bk2(noop): 165.3393
> 2.6.5-bk2(anticipatory): 118.7450
> 2.6.5-bk2(deadline): 130.3254
> 2.6.5-bk2(CFQ): 146.4286
>
> 2.6.6-rc3(noop): 164.9486
> 2.6.6-rc3(anticipatory): 125.1776
> 2.6.6-rc3(deadline): 131.8903
> 2.6.6-rc3(CFQ): 152.9280
>
> I have published the results as well as the hardware and kernel setups at the
> SysBench home page: http://sysbench.sourceforge.net/results/fileio/
>
> Any comments or suggestions would be highly appreciated.
>

From your website:
"Another interesting fact is that AS gives the best results for this
workload, though it's believed to give worse results for this kind of
workloads as compared to other I/O schedulers available in 2.6.x
kernels."

The anticipatory scheduler is actually in a fairly good state of tune,
and can often beat deadline even for random read/write/fsync tests. The
infamous database regression problem is when this sort of workload is
combined with TCQ disk drives.

Nick
include/linux/mm.h | 0
linux-2.6-npiggin/mm/filemap.c | 5 ++++-
2 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff -puN mm/readahead.c~read-populate mm/readahead.c
diff -puN mm/filemap.c~read-populate mm/filemap.c
--- linux-2.6/mm/filemap.c~read-populate 2004-05-03 19:56:00.000000000 +1000
+++ linux-2.6-npiggin/mm/filemap.c 2004-05-03 20:51:37.000000000 +1000
@@ -627,6 +627,9 @@ void do_generic_mapping_read(struct addr
index = *ppos >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
offset = *ppos & ~PAGE_CACHE_MASK;

+ force_page_cache_readahead(mapping, filp, index,
+ max_sane_readahead(desc->count >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT));
+
for (;;) {
struct page *page;
unsigned long end_index, nr, ret;
@@ -644,7 +647,7 @@ void do_generic_mapping_read(struct addr
}

cond_resched();
- page_cache_readahead(mapping, ra, filp, index);
+ page_cache_readahead(mapping, ra, filp, index + desc->count);

nr = nr - offset;
find_page:
diff -puN include/linux/mm.h~read-populate include/linux/mm.h
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