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    SubjectRe: 2.4.23aa2 (bugfixes and important VM improvements for the high end)
    On Fri, Mar 05, 2004 at 03:32:10PM +0100, Ingo Molnar wrote:
    > * Andrea Arcangeli <> wrote:
    > > [...] 8/16/32G boxes works perfectly with 3:1 with the stock 2.4 VM
    > > (after you nuke rmap).
    > the mem_map[] on 32G is 400 MB (using the stock 2.4 struct page). This
    > leaves ~500 MB for the lowmem zone. It's ridiculously easy to use up 500

    yes, mem_map_t takes 384M that leaves us 879-384 = 495Mbyte of

    > MB of lowmem. 500 MB is a lowmem:RAM ratio of 1:60. With 4/4 you have 6
    > times more lowmem. So starting at 32 GB (but often much earlier) the 3/1
    > split breaks down. And you obviously it's a no-go at 64 GB.

    It's a nogo for 64G but I would be really pleased to see a workload
    triggering the zone-normal shortage in 32G, I've never seen any one. And
    16G has even more margin.

    Note that on a 32G box with my google-logic a correct kernel like latest
    2.4 mainline reserves 100% of the zone-normal to allocations that cannot
    go in highmem, plus the vm highmem fixes like bh and inode zone-normal
    related reclaims. Without those logics it would be easy to run oom due
    highmem allocations going into zone-normal but that's just a vm issue
    and it's fixed (all fixes should be in mainline already).

    > inbetween it all depends on the workload. If the 3:1 split works fine
    > then sure, use it. There's no one kernel that fits all sizes.

    yes, the inbetween definitely works fine but there's always plenty of
    margin even on the 32G in all heavy workloads I've seen. I've not a
    single pending report for 32G boxes, all the bugreports starts at >=48G
    and that tells you those 32G users had a 198M of margin free to use for
    the peak loads which are more than enough in practice. I agree it's not
    a huge margin, but it's quite reasonable considering they've only 60-70%
    of the zone-normal pinned during the workload.
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