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SubjectRe: raid 5 with >= 5 members broken on x86


On Thu, 26 Feb 2004, Alexandre Oliva wrote:
>
> I suppose I could just change lines from +g to +r, like xor_pII_mmx_5,
> but avoiding the pushes and pops is more efficient, and making sure
> GCC doesn't get clever about sharing or reusing p4 and p5, it's just
> as safe. This approach should probably be extended to the other uses
> of push and pop due to limitations in the number of operands.

You can't do this in a separate inline asm. There is nothing to say that
gcc wouldn't do a re-load or something in between, so you really need to
tell the _first_ ask about it.

> Yet another possibility is to just use +r for p4 and p5; this works in
> GCC 3.1 and above. I wasn't sure the kernel was willing to require
> that, so I took the most conservative approach.

No, I don't think we're ready to force a bigger and slower compiler on x86
for something like this. But your fix doesn't really work either.

One approach is to just do the loop _outside_ of the asm? I don't see much
point to trying to force the small stuff. What's the difference if you do
something like the appended?

Btw, the "xor_pII_mmx_5()" thing just uses "+r" for the line count, so why
doesn't that work for this case?

Linus

===== include/asm-i386/xor.h 1.14 vs edited =====
--- 1.14/include/asm-i386/xor.h Tue Mar 11 18:15:03 2003
+++ edited/include/asm-i386/xor.h Thu Feb 26 13:46:49 2004
@@ -426,74 +426,69 @@
kernel_fpu_begin();

/* need to save p4/p5 manually to not exceed gcc's 10 argument limit */
- __asm__ __volatile__ (
- " pushl %4\n"
- " pushl %5\n"
- " .align 32,0x90 ;\n"
- " 1: ;\n"
- " movq (%1), %%mm0 ;\n"
- " movq 8(%1), %%mm1 ;\n"
- " pxor (%2), %%mm0 ;\n"
- " pxor 8(%2), %%mm1 ;\n"
- " movq 16(%1), %%mm2 ;\n"
- " pxor (%3), %%mm0 ;\n"
- " pxor 8(%3), %%mm1 ;\n"
- " pxor 16(%2), %%mm2 ;\n"
- " pxor (%4), %%mm0 ;\n"
- " pxor 8(%4), %%mm1 ;\n"
- " pxor 16(%3), %%mm2 ;\n"
- " movq 24(%1), %%mm3 ;\n"
- " pxor (%5), %%mm0 ;\n"
- " pxor 8(%5), %%mm1 ;\n"
- " movq %%mm0, (%1) ;\n"
- " pxor 16(%4), %%mm2 ;\n"
- " pxor 24(%2), %%mm3 ;\n"
- " movq %%mm1, 8(%1) ;\n"
- " pxor 16(%5), %%mm2 ;\n"
- " pxor 24(%3), %%mm3 ;\n"
- " movq 32(%1), %%mm4 ;\n"
- " movq %%mm2, 16(%1) ;\n"
- " pxor 24(%4), %%mm3 ;\n"
- " pxor 32(%2), %%mm4 ;\n"
- " movq 40(%1), %%mm5 ;\n"
- " pxor 24(%5), %%mm3 ;\n"
- " pxor 32(%3), %%mm4 ;\n"
- " pxor 40(%2), %%mm5 ;\n"
- " movq %%mm3, 24(%1) ;\n"
- " pxor 32(%4), %%mm4 ;\n"
- " pxor 40(%3), %%mm5 ;\n"
- " movq 48(%1), %%mm6 ;\n"
- " movq 56(%1), %%mm7 ;\n"
- " pxor 32(%5), %%mm4 ;\n"
- " pxor 40(%4), %%mm5 ;\n"
- " pxor 48(%2), %%mm6 ;\n"
- " pxor 56(%2), %%mm7 ;\n"
- " movq %%mm4, 32(%1) ;\n"
- " pxor 48(%3), %%mm6 ;\n"
- " pxor 56(%3), %%mm7 ;\n"
- " pxor 40(%5), %%mm5 ;\n"
- " pxor 48(%4), %%mm6 ;\n"
- " pxor 56(%4), %%mm7 ;\n"
- " movq %%mm5, 40(%1) ;\n"
- " pxor 48(%5), %%mm6 ;\n"
- " pxor 56(%5), %%mm7 ;\n"
- " movq %%mm6, 48(%1) ;\n"
- " movq %%mm7, 56(%1) ;\n"
-
- " addl $64, %1 ;\n"
- " addl $64, %2 ;\n"
- " addl $64, %3 ;\n"
- " addl $64, %4 ;\n"
- " addl $64, %5 ;\n"
- " decl %0 ;\n"
- " jnz 1b ;\n"
- " popl %5\n"
- " popl %4\n"
- : "+g" (lines),
- "+r" (p1), "+r" (p2), "+r" (p3)
- : "r" (p4), "r" (p5)
- : "memory");
-
+ __asm__ __volatile(".align 32,0x90");
+ do {
+ __asm__ __volatile__ (
+ "movq (%0), %%mm0 ;\n"
+ " movq 8(%0), %%mm1 ;\n"
+ " pxor (%1), %%mm0 ;\n"
+ " pxor 8(%1), %%mm1 ;\n"
+ " movq 16(%0), %%mm2 ;\n"
+ " pxor (%2), %%mm0 ;\n"
+ " pxor 8(%2), %%mm1 ;\n"
+ " pxor 16(%1), %%mm2 ;\n"
+ " pxor (%3), %%mm0 ;\n"
+ " pxor 8(%3), %%mm1 ;\n"
+ " pxor 16(%2), %%mm2 ;\n"
+ " movq 24(%0), %%mm3 ;\n"
+ " pxor (%4), %%mm0 ;\n"
+ " pxor 8(%4), %%mm1 ;\n"
+ " movq %%mm0, (%0) ;\n"
+ " pxor 16(%3), %%mm2 ;\n"
+ " pxor 24(%1), %%mm3 ;\n"
+ " movq %%mm1, 8(%0) ;\n"
+ " pxor 16(%4), %%mm2 ;\n"
+ " pxor 24(%2), %%mm3 ;\n"
+ " movq 32(%0), %%mm4 ;\n"
+ " movq %%mm2, 16(%0) ;\n"
+ " pxor 24(%3), %%mm3 ;\n"
+ " pxor 32(%1), %%mm4 ;\n"
+ " movq 40(%0), %%mm5 ;\n"
+ " pxor 24(%4), %%mm3 ;\n"
+ " pxor 32(%2), %%mm4 ;\n"
+ " pxor 40(%1), %%mm5 ;\n"
+ " movq %%mm3, 24(%0) ;\n"
+ " pxor 32(%3), %%mm4 ;\n"
+ " pxor 40(%2), %%mm5 ;\n"
+ " movq 48(%0), %%mm6 ;\n"
+ " movq 56(%0), %%mm7 ;\n"
+ " pxor 32(%4), %%mm4 ;\n"
+ " pxor 40(%3), %%mm5 ;\n"
+ " pxor 48(%1), %%mm6 ;\n"
+ " pxor 56(%1), %%mm7 ;\n"
+ " movq %%mm4, 32(%0) ;\n"
+ " pxor 48(%2), %%mm6 ;\n"
+ " pxor 56(%2), %%mm7 ;\n"
+ " pxor 40(%4), %%mm5 ;\n"
+ " pxor 48(%3), %%mm6 ;\n"
+ " pxor 56(%3), %%mm7 ;\n"
+ " movq %%mm5, 40(%0) ;\n"
+ " pxor 48(%4), %%mm6 ;\n"
+ " pxor 56(%4), %%mm7 ;\n"
+ " movq %%mm6, 48(%0) ;\n"
+ " movq %%mm7, 56(%0) ;\n"
+
+ " addl $64, %0 ;\n"
+ " addl $64, %1 ;\n"
+ " addl $64, %2 ;\n"
+ " addl $64, %3 ;\n"
+ " addl $64, %4 ;\n"
+ : "+r" (p1), "+r" (p2), "+r" (p3),
+ "+r" (p4), "+r" (p5)
+ :
+ : "memory");
+ } while (--lines);
+
kernel_fpu_end();
}

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