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SubjectMy vision of usbmon
Hi, Guys:

This is usbmon which I cooked up because I got tired from adding dbg()'s
and polluting my dmesg. I use it to hunt bugs in USB storage devices so
far, and it's useful, although limited at this stage.

I looked at the Harding's USBmon patch, and I think he got a few things right.
The main of them is that I underestimated the benefits of placing the special
files into the filesystem namespace. When we discussed it with Greg in the
airport, we decided that having some sort of Netlink-style socket would be
the best option. I decided to make a u-turn and attach those sockets into
the namespace (currently under /dbg, but it can change). What this buys us is:

1. cat(1): never bet against it. It's too handy. And netcat is just
not the same.
2. USBmon userland in Java. Just try to hack in JNI a little as I have
and you'll see.

He also got some parts wrong. They are small things, but unfortunately,
pervasive. For example, he relies on urb->dev, which is not a good idea
in case of HCD which zero it far away from the completion call site, such
as usb-ohci in 2.4. And it's error-prone and a maintenance problem to
audit all HCDs and add usbmon calls. Races by design, too. Small things
like that, but many. Eventually, I wrote everything from scratch. It's
rather embarrassing that I could not save USBmon and gave in to NIH.

Since it's a big NIH, usbmon is not compatible with USBmon's userland.
It can be made compatible, but it needs a small adaptation layer,
because Harding aggregated at a device, and I do it on a bus
(I can explain why, but it's rather long; it has to do with hotplug
and races).

The architecture to support various output formats is present. Obvious
candidates are Old USBmon format and a Binary format. But it's not done.

Please ask if something is not obvious in the code.

Bye,
-- Pete

diff -urpN -X dontdiff linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/Kconfig linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/Kconfig
--- linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/Kconfig 2004-12-15 02:01:05.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/Kconfig 2004-12-15 13:36:33.000000000 -0800
@@ -56,6 +56,8 @@ source "drivers/usb/media/Kconfig"

source "drivers/usb/net/Kconfig"

+source "drivers/usb/mon/Kconfig"
+
comment "USB port drivers"
depends on USB

diff -urpN -X dontdiff linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/Makefile linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/Makefile
--- linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/Makefile 2004-12-15 02:01:05.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/Makefile 2004-12-15 13:49:26.000000000 -0800
@@ -6,6 +6,8 @@

obj-$(CONFIG_USB) += core/

+obj-$(CONFIG_USB_MON) += mon/
+
obj-$(CONFIG_USB_EHCI_HCD) += host/
obj-$(CONFIG_USB_OHCI_HCD) += host/
obj-$(CONFIG_USB_UHCI_HCD) += host/
diff -urpN -X dontdiff linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/mon/Kconfig linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/mon/Kconfig
--- linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/mon/Kconfig 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/mon/Kconfig 2004-12-15 19:56:54.000000000 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+#
+# USB Monitor configuration
+#
+
+# In normal life, it makes little sense to have usbmon as a module, and in fact
+# it is harmful, because there is no way to autoload the module.
+# The 'm' option is allowed for hackers who debug the usbmon itself,
+# and for those who have usbcore as a module.
+config USB_MON
+ tristate "USB Monitor"
+ depends on USB && SYSFS
+ default y
+ help
+ If you say Y here, a component which captures the USB traffic
+ between peripheral-specific drivers and HC drivers will be built.
+ The USB_MON is similar in spirit and may be compatible with Dave
+ Harding's USBMon.
+
+ This is somewhat experimental at this time, but it should be safe.
+
+ If unsure, say Y.
diff -urpN -X dontdiff linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/mon/Makefile linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/mon/Makefile
--- linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/mon/Makefile 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/mon/Makefile 2004-12-17 18:33:05.000000000 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+#
+# Makefile for USB Core files and filesystem
+#
+
+usbmon-objs := mon_main.o mon_stat.o mon_text.o
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_USB_MON) += usbmon.o
diff -urpN -X dontdiff linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/mon/mon_main.c linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/mon/mon_main.c
--- linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/mon/mon_main.c 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/mon/mon_main.c 2004-12-19 21:04:13.852433525 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,306 @@
+/*
+ * The USB Monitor, inspired by Dave Harding's USBMon.
+ *
+ * mon_main.c: Main file, module initiation and exit, registrations, etc.
+ *
+ * - If an URB was submitted before a reader opened a pipe, it's not tracked.
+ * The only solution is to reject intercept-on-open and do intercept-always.
+ * - Hotplugging HCs will cause usbmon to crash on unload
+ * - Type files as fifos, sockets, or character specials? /proc/kmsg is regular.
+ * - Awaken rmmod when outstanding URBs and opens are gone.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/usb.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
+
+#include "usb_mon.h"
+
+/* XXX Currently in drivers/usb/core/hcd.h */
+extern struct list_head usb_bus_list;
+extern struct semaphore usb_bus_list_lock;
+
+static int mon_submit(struct urb *urb, int mem_flags);
+static void mon_complete(struct urb *urb, struct pt_regs *regs);
+static void mon_cleanup(struct mon_bus *mbus);
+
+DECLARE_MUTEX(mon_lock);
+
+static struct dentry *mon_dir; /* /dbg/usbmon */
+static LIST_HEAD(mon_buses); /* All buses we know: struct mon_bus */
+
+/*
+ * Link a reader into the bus.
+ */
+void mon_reader_add(struct mon_bus *mbus, struct mon_reader *r)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct usb_bus *ubus;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&mbus->lock, flags);
+ if (mbus->nreaders == 0 && mbus->nurbs == 0) {
+ ubus = mbus->u_bus;
+ if (ubus->monitored) {
+ /*
+ * Something is really broken, refuse to go on and
+ * possibly corrupt ops pointers or worse.
+ */
+ printk(KERN_ERR TAG ": bus %d is already monitored\n",
+ ubus->busnum);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mbus->lock, flags);
+ return;
+ }
+ memcpy(&mbus->shim_ops, ubus->op, sizeof(struct usb_operations));
+ mbus->shim_ops.submit_urb = mon_submit;
+ mbus->saved_op = ubus->op;
+ ubus->op = &mbus->shim_ops;
+ ubus->monitored = 1;
+ }
+ mbus->nreaders++;
+
+ list_add_tail(&r->r_link, &mbus->r_list);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mbus->lock, flags);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Unlink reader from the bus.
+ */
+void mon_reader_del(struct mon_bus *mbus, struct mon_reader *r)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&mbus->lock, flags);
+ list_del(&r->r_link);
+ --mbus->nreaders;
+ if (mbus->nreaders == 0 && mbus->nurbs == 0)
+ mon_cleanup(mbus);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mbus->lock, flags);
+}
+
+/*
+ */
+static int mon_submit(struct urb *urb, int mem_flags)
+{
+ struct mon_bus *mbus;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct list_head *pos;
+ struct mon_reader *r;
+
+ mbus = urb->dev->bus->mon_bus;
+ if (mbus == NULL)
+ goto out_unlocked;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&mbus->lock, flags);
+ if (mbus->nreaders == 0)
+ goto out_locked;
+
+ urb->mon_bus = mbus;
+ urb->mon_saved_complete = urb->complete;
+ urb->complete = mon_complete;
+ mbus->nurbs++;
+
+ list_for_each (pos, &mbus->r_list) {
+ r = list_entry(pos, struct mon_reader, r_link);
+ r->rnf_submit(r->r_data, urb);
+ }
+out_locked:
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mbus->lock, flags);
+out_unlocked:
+ return mbus->saved_op->submit_urb(urb, mem_flags);
+ /* Woops, we forgot to deliver success or failure to the reader */
+}
+
+/*
+ * This is called by an HC driver directly.
+ */
+static void mon_complete(struct urb *urb, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct mon_bus *mbus;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct list_head *pos;
+ struct mon_reader *r;
+
+ mbus = urb->mon_bus;
+ if (mbus == NULL) {
+ /*
+ * This should not happen.
+ * At this point we do not even know the bus number...
+ */
+ printk(KERN_ERR TAG ": Null mon bus in URB, pipe 0x%x\n",
+ urb->pipe);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&mbus->lock, flags);
+ list_for_each (pos, &mbus->r_list) {
+ r = list_entry(pos, struct mon_reader, r_link);
+ r->rnf_complete(r->r_data, urb);
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Drop the URB from tracking.
+ * XXX ISOs and Interrupt get lost after the first complete this way.
+ */
+ urb->complete = urb->mon_saved_complete;
+ urb->mon_bus = NULL;
+ --mbus->nurbs;
+ if (mbus->nurbs == 0 && mbus->nreaders == 0)
+ mon_cleanup(mbus);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mbus->lock, flags);
+
+ (*urb->complete)(urb, regs);
+}
+
+/* int (*unlink_urb) (struct urb *urb, int status); */
+
+/*
+ * Stop monitoring.
+ * Obviously this must be well locked, so no need to play with mb's.
+ */
+static void mon_cleanup(struct mon_bus *mbus)
+{
+ struct usb_bus *ubus = mbus->u_bus;
+
+ ubus->op = mbus->saved_op;
+ ubus->monitored = 0;
+ mbus->saved_op = NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialize a bus for us:
+ * - allocate mon_bus
+ * - refcount USB bus struct
+ * - link
+ */
+static void mon_bus_init(struct dentry *mondir, struct usb_bus *ubus)
+{
+ struct dentry *d;
+ struct mon_bus *mbus;
+ enum { NAMESZ = 10 };
+ char name[NAMESZ];
+ int rc;
+
+ if ((mbus = kmalloc(sizeof(struct mon_bus), GFP_KERNEL)) == NULL)
+ goto err_alloc;
+ memset(mbus, 0, sizeof(struct mon_bus));
+ spin_lock_init(&mbus->lock);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mbus->r_list);
+
+ /* XXX Is this how I pin struct bus? Ask linux-usb-devel */
+ kobject_get(&ubus->class_dev.kobj);
+ mbus->u_bus = ubus;
+ ubus->mon_bus = mbus;
+
+ rc = snprintf(name, NAMESZ, "%dt", ubus->busnum);
+ if (rc <= 0 || rc >= NAMESZ)
+ goto err_print_t;
+ d = debugfs_create_file(name, 0600, mondir, mbus, &mon_fops_text);
+ if (d == NULL)
+ goto err_create_t;
+ mbus->dent_t = d;
+
+ rc = snprintf(name, NAMESZ, "%ds", ubus->busnum);
+ if (rc <= 0 || rc >= NAMESZ)
+ goto err_print_s;
+ d = debugfs_create_file(name, 0600, mondir, mbus, &mon_fops_stat);
+ if (d == NULL)
+ goto err_create_s;
+ mbus->dent_s = d;
+
+ down(&mon_lock);
+ list_add_tail(&mbus->bus_link, &mon_buses);
+ up(&mon_lock);
+ return;
+
+err_create_s:
+err_print_s:
+ debugfs_remove(mbus->dent_t);
+err_create_t:
+err_print_t:
+ kfree(mbus);
+err_alloc:
+ return;
+}
+
+static int __init mon_init(void)
+{
+ struct usb_bus *ubus;
+ struct dentry *mondir;
+
+ mondir = debugfs_create_dir("usbmon", NULL);
+ if (IS_ERR(mondir)) {
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE TAG ": debugs is not available\n");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+ if (mondir == NULL) {
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE TAG ": unable to create usbmon directory\n");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+ mon_dir = mondir;
+
+ down(&usb_bus_list_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry (ubus, &usb_bus_list, bus_list) {
+ mon_bus_init(mondir, ubus);
+ }
+ up(&usb_bus_list_lock);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void __exit mon_exit(void)
+{
+ struct mon_bus *mbus;
+ struct usb_bus *ubus;
+ struct list_head *p;
+
+ down(&usb_bus_list_lock); /* Needed for kobject_put's ? */
+ down(&mon_lock);
+ while (!list_empty(&mon_buses)) {
+ p = mon_buses.next;
+ mbus = list_entry(p, struct mon_bus, bus_link);
+ list_del(p);
+
+ if (mbus->nurbs) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR TAG
+ ": Stuck URBs (%d) on usb%d, hanging...\n",
+ mbus->nurbs, mbus->u_bus->busnum);
+ up(&mon_lock);
+ up(&usb_bus_list_lock);
+ for (;;) {
+ set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+ schedule();
+ }
+ }
+ if (mbus->nreaders) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR TAG
+ ": Outstanding opens (%d) on usb%d, hanging...\n",
+ mbus->nreaders, mbus->u_bus->busnum);
+ up(&mon_lock);
+ up(&usb_bus_list_lock);
+ for (;;) {
+ set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+ schedule();
+ }
+ }
+
+ ubus = mbus->u_bus;
+ ubus->mon_bus = NULL;
+ mb();
+
+ /* XXX This also should be done in hot-remove path */
+ debugfs_remove(mbus->dent_t);
+ debugfs_remove(mbus->dent_s);
+ kobject_put(&ubus->class_dev.kobj);
+ kfree(mbus);
+ }
+ up(&mon_lock);
+ up(&usb_bus_list_lock);
+
+ debugfs_remove(mon_dir);
+}
+
+module_init(mon_init);
+module_exit(mon_exit);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
diff -urpN -X dontdiff linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/mon/mon_stat.c linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/mon/mon_stat.c
--- linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/mon/mon_stat.c 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/mon/mon_stat.c 2004-12-19 14:06:03.306311947 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,75 @@
+/*
+ * The USB Monitor, inspired by Dave Harding's USBMon.
+ *
+ * This is the 's' or 'stat' reader which debugs usbmon itself.
+ * Note that this code blows through locks, so make sure that
+ * /dbg/usbmon/0s is well protected from non-root users.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/usb.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+
+#include "usb_mon.h"
+
+#define STAT_BUF_SIZE 80
+
+struct snap {
+ int slen;
+ char str[STAT_BUF_SIZE];
+};
+
+static int mon_stat_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ struct mon_bus *mbus;
+ struct snap *sp;
+
+ if ((sp = kmalloc(sizeof(struct snap), GFP_KERNEL)) == NULL)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ mbus = inode->u.generic_ip;
+
+ sp->slen = snprintf(sp->str, STAT_BUF_SIZE,
+ "nreaders %d saved_op 0x%lx nurbs %d text_lost %u\n",
+ mbus->nreaders, (long) mbus->saved_op, mbus->nurbs,
+ mbus->cnt_text_lost);
+
+ file->private_data = sp;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static ssize_t mon_stat_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
+ size_t nbytes, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct snap *sp = file->private_data;
+ loff_t pos = *ppos;
+ int cnt;
+
+ if (pos < 0 || pos >= sp->slen)
+ return 0;
+ if (nbytes == 0)
+ return 0;
+ if ((cnt = sp->slen - pos) > nbytes)
+ cnt = nbytes;
+ if (copy_to_user(buf, sp->str + pos, cnt))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ *ppos = pos + cnt;
+ return cnt;
+}
+
+static int mon_stat_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+struct file_operations mon_fops_stat = {
+ .open = mon_stat_open,
+ .llseek = no_llseek,
+ .read = mon_stat_read,
+ /* .write = mon_stat_write, */
+ /* .poll = mon_stat_poll, */
+ /* .ioctl = mon_stat_ioctl, */
+ .release = mon_stat_release,
+};
diff -urpN -X dontdiff linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/mon/mon_text.c linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/mon/mon_text.c
--- linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/mon/mon_text.c 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/mon/mon_text.c 2004-12-19 21:14:55.726702896 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,295 @@
+/*
+ * The USB Monitor, inspired by Dave Harding's USBMon.
+ *
+ * This is a text format reader.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/usb.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+
+#include "usb_mon.h"
+
+/*
+ * The limit exists to prevent OOMs when the user process stops reading.
+ */
+#define EVENT_MAX 100
+
+#define PRINTF_DFL 100
+
+struct mon_event_text {
+ struct list_head e_link;
+ int type; /* submit, complete, etc. */
+ unsigned int pipe; /* Pipe */
+ unsigned long id; /* From pointer, most of the time */
+ /* To add: timestamp */
+ int length; /* Depends on type: xfer length or act length */
+ int status;
+};
+
+#define SLAB_NAME_SZ 30
+struct mon_reader_text {
+ kmem_cache_t *e_slab;
+ int nevents;
+ struct list_head e_list;
+ struct mon_reader r; /* In C, parent class can be placed anywhere */
+
+ wait_queue_head_t wait;
+ int printf_size;
+ char *printf_buf;
+ struct semaphore printf_lock;
+
+ char slab_name[SLAB_NAME_SZ];
+};
+
+static void mon_text_ctor(void *, kmem_cache_t *, unsigned long);
+static void mon_text_dtor(void *, kmem_cache_t *, unsigned long);
+
+/*
+ * May be called from an interrupt.
+ *
+ * This is called with the whole mon_bus locked, so no additional lock.
+ */
+static void mon_text_submit(void *data, struct urb *urb)
+{
+ struct mon_reader_text *rp = data;
+ struct mon_event_text *ep;
+
+ if (rp->nevents >= EVENT_MAX ||
+ (ep = kmem_cache_alloc(rp->e_slab, SLAB_ATOMIC)) == NULL) {
+ rp->r.m_bus->cnt_text_lost++;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ ep->type = 'S';
+ ep->pipe = urb->pipe;
+ ep->id = (unsigned long) urb;
+ ep->length = urb->transfer_buffer_length;
+ ep->status = urb->status; /* Let's watch what dirt ULPs supply */
+
+ rp->nevents++;
+ list_add_tail(&ep->e_link, &rp->e_list);
+ wake_up(&rp->wait);
+}
+
+/*
+ * May be called from an interrupt.
+ *
+ * This is called with the whole mon_bus locked, so no additional lock.
+ */
+static void mon_text_complete(void *data, struct urb *urb)
+{
+ struct mon_reader_text *rp = data;
+ struct mon_event_text *ep;
+
+ if (rp->nevents >= EVENT_MAX ||
+ (ep = kmem_cache_alloc(rp->e_slab, SLAB_ATOMIC)) == NULL) {
+ rp->r.m_bus->cnt_text_lost++;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ ep->type = 'C';
+ ep->pipe = urb->pipe;
+ ep->id = (unsigned long) urb;
+ ep->length = urb->actual_length;
+ ep->status = urb->status;
+
+ rp->nevents++;
+ list_add_tail(&ep->e_link, &rp->e_list);
+ wake_up(&rp->wait);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Fetch next event from the circular buffer.
+ */
+static struct mon_event_text *mon_text_fetch(struct mon_reader_text *rp,
+ struct mon_bus *mbus)
+{
+ struct list_head *p;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&mbus->lock, flags);
+ if (list_empty(&rp->e_list)) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mbus->lock, flags);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ p = rp->e_list.next;
+ list_del(p);
+ --rp->nevents;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mbus->lock, flags);
+ return list_entry(p, struct mon_event_text, e_link);
+}
+
+/*
+ */
+static int mon_text_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ struct mon_bus *mbus;
+ struct usb_bus *ubus;
+ struct mon_reader_text *rp;
+ int rc;
+
+ down(&mon_lock);
+ mbus = inode->u.generic_ip;
+ ubus = mbus->u_bus;
+
+ rp = kmalloc(sizeof(struct mon_reader_text), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (rp == NULL) {
+ rc = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err_alloc;
+ }
+ memset(rp, 0, sizeof(struct mon_reader_text));
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rp->e_list);
+ init_waitqueue_head(&rp->wait);
+ init_MUTEX(&rp->printf_lock);
+
+ rp->printf_size = PRINTF_DFL;
+ rp->printf_buf = kmalloc(rp->printf_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (rp->printf_buf == NULL) {
+ rc = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err_alloc_pr;
+ }
+
+ rp->r.m_bus = mbus;
+ rp->r.r_data = rp;
+ rp->r.rnf_submit = mon_text_submit;
+ rp->r.rnf_complete = mon_text_complete;
+
+ snprintf(rp->slab_name, SLAB_NAME_SZ, "mon%dt_%lx", ubus->busnum,
+ (long)rp);
+ rp->e_slab = kmem_cache_create(rp->slab_name,
+ sizeof(struct mon_event_text), sizeof(long), 0,
+ mon_text_ctor, mon_text_dtor);
+ if (rp->e_slab == NULL) {
+ rc = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err_slab;
+ }
+
+ mon_reader_add(mbus, &rp->r);
+
+ file->private_data = rp;
+ up(&mon_lock);
+ return 0;
+
+// err_busy:
+// kmem_cache_destroy(rp->e_slab);
+err_slab:
+ kfree(rp->printf_buf);
+err_alloc_pr:
+ kfree(rp);
+err_alloc:
+ up(&mon_lock);
+ return rc;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For simplicity, we read one record in one system call and throw out
+ * what does not fit. This means that the following does not work:
+ * dd if=/dbg/usbmon/0t bs=10
+ * Also, we do not allow seeks and do not bother advancing the offset.
+ */
+static ssize_t mon_text_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
+ size_t nbytes, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct mon_reader_text *rp = file->private_data;
+ struct mon_bus *mbus = rp->r.m_bus;
+ DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(waita, current);
+ struct mon_event_text *ep;
+ int cnt;
+
+ add_wait_queue(&rp->wait, &waita);
+ while ((ep = mon_text_fetch(rp, mbus)) == NULL) {
+ if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
+ remove_wait_queue(&rp->wait, &waita);
+ return -EWOULDBLOCK; /* Same as EAGAIN in Linux */
+ }
+ /*
+ * We do not count nwaiters, because ->release is supposed
+ * to be called when all openers are gone only.
+ */
+ set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+ schedule();
+ if (signal_pending(current)) {
+ remove_wait_queue(&rp->wait, &waita);
+ return -EINTR;
+ }
+ }
+ remove_wait_queue(&rp->wait, &waita);
+
+ down(&rp->printf_lock);
+ cnt = snprintf(rp->printf_buf, rp->printf_size,
+ "%lx 0 %c %08x %d %d\n",
+ ep->id, ep->type, ep->pipe, ep->status, ep->length);
+ if (copy_to_user(buf, rp->printf_buf, cnt))
+ cnt = -EFAULT;
+ up(&rp->printf_lock);
+ kmem_cache_free(rp->e_slab, ep);
+ return cnt;
+}
+
+static int mon_text_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ struct mon_reader_text *rp = file->private_data;
+ struct mon_bus *mbus;
+ struct usb_bus *ubus;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct list_head *p;
+ struct mon_event_text *ep;
+
+ down(&mon_lock);
+ mbus = inode->u.generic_ip;
+ ubus = mbus->u_bus;
+
+ if (mbus->nreaders <= 0) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR TAG ": consistency error on close\n");
+ up(&mon_lock);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ mon_reader_del(mbus, &rp->r);
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&mbus->lock, flags);
+ while (!list_empty(&rp->e_list)) {
+ p = rp->e_list.next;
+ ep = list_entry(p, struct mon_event_text, e_link);
+ list_del(p);
+ --rp->nevents;
+ kmem_cache_free(rp->e_slab, ep);
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mbus->lock, flags);
+
+ kmem_cache_destroy(rp->e_slab);
+ kfree(rp->printf_buf);
+ kfree(rp);
+
+ up(&mon_lock);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+struct file_operations mon_fops_text = {
+ .open = mon_text_open,
+ .llseek = no_llseek,
+ .read = mon_text_read,
+ /* .write = mon_text_write, */
+ /* .poll = mon_text_poll, */
+ /* .ioctl = mon_text_ioctl, */
+ .release = mon_text_release,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Slab interface: constructor.
+ */
+static void mon_text_ctor(void *mem, kmem_cache_t *slab, unsigned long sflags)
+{
+ /*
+ * Nothing to initialize. No, really!
+ * So, we fill it with garbage to emulate a reused object.
+ */
+ memset(mem, 0xe5, sizeof(struct mon_event_text));
+}
+
+static void mon_text_dtor(void *mem, kmem_cache_t *slab, unsigned long sflags)
+{
+ ;
+}
diff -urpN -X dontdiff linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/mon/usb_mon.h linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/mon/usb_mon.h
--- linux-2.6.10-rc3/drivers/usb/mon/usb_mon.h 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/drivers/usb/mon/usb_mon.h 2004-12-19 14:07:51.351399563 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,59 @@
+/*
+ * The USB Monitor, inspired by Dave Harding's USBMon.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __USB_MON_H
+#define __USB_MON_H
+
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+/* #include <linux/usb.h> */
+#include "../core/hcd.h" /* XXX Move mon to core or move this to include/ */
+
+#define TAG "usbmon"
+
+struct mon_urb {
+ struct list_head link;
+ struct urb *urb;
+ // struct usb_dev *dev;
+};
+
+struct mon_bus {
+ struct list_head bus_link;
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ int nurbs; /* Number of tracked URBs */
+ struct dentry *dent_s; /* Debugging file */
+ struct dentry *dent_t; /* Text interface file */
+ struct usb_bus *u_bus;
+
+ /* Ref */
+ int nreaders;
+ struct list_head r_list; /* Chain of readers (usually one) */
+ struct usb_operations *saved_op;
+ struct usb_operations shim_ops;
+
+ /* Stats */
+ unsigned int cnt_text_lost;
+};
+
+/*
+ * An instance of a process which opened a file (but can fork later)
+ */
+struct mon_reader {
+ struct list_head r_link;
+ struct mon_bus *m_bus;
+ void *r_data; /* Use container_of instead? */
+
+ void (*rnf_submit)(void *data, struct urb *urb);
+ void (*rnf_complete)(void *data, struct urb *urb);
+};
+
+void mon_reader_add(struct mon_bus *mbus, struct mon_reader *r);
+void mon_reader_del(struct mon_bus *mbus, struct mon_reader *r);
+
+extern struct semaphore mon_lock;
+
+extern struct file_operations mon_fops_text;
+extern struct file_operations mon_fops_stat;
+
+#endif /* __USB_MON_H */
diff -urpN -X dontdiff linux-2.6.10-rc3/include/linux/usb.h linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/include/linux/usb.h
--- linux-2.6.10-rc3/include/linux/usb.h 2004-12-15 02:01:18.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.10-rc3-usb/include/linux/usb.h 2004-12-19 15:13:03.289200450 -0800
@@ -254,6 +254,7 @@ struct usb_bus {
u8 otg_port; /* 0, or number of OTG/HNP port */
unsigned is_b_host:1; /* true during some HNP roleswitches */
unsigned b_hnp_enable:1; /* OTG: did A-Host enable HNP? */
+ unsigned monitored:1; /* usbmon is active on this bus */

int devnum_next; /* Next open device number in round-robin allocation */

@@ -277,6 +278,9 @@ struct usb_bus {

struct class_device class_dev; /* class device for this bus */
void (*release)(struct usb_bus *bus); /* function to destroy this bus's memory */
+#if defined(CONFIG_USB_MON) || defined(CONFIG_USB_MON_MODULE)
+ struct mon_bus *mon_bus;
+#endif
};
#define to_usb_bus(d) container_of(d, struct usb_bus, class_dev)

@@ -804,6 +808,10 @@ struct urb
int error_count; /* (return) number of ISO errors */
void *context; /* (in) context for completion */
usb_complete_t complete; /* (in) completion routine */
+#if defined(CONFIG_USB_MON) || defined(CONFIG_USB_MON_MODULE)
+ usb_complete_t mon_saved_complete; /* (core private) */
+ struct mon_bus *mon_bus; /* (core private) */
+#endif
struct usb_iso_packet_descriptor iso_frame_desc[0]; /* (in) ISO ONLY */
};

-
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