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SubjectSignificance of do ... while (0)
Hi all,

Can any one explain the importance of do ... while (0)
Regards,
Krishna Chaitanya

#define STATS_SET_HIGH(x) do { if ((x)->num_active > (x)->high_mark) \
(x)->high_mark = (x)->num_active; \
} while (0)
#define STATS_INC_ERR(x) ((x)->errors++)
#define STATS_SET_FREEABLE(x, i) \
do { if ((x)->max_freeable < i) \
(x)->max_freeable = i; \
} while (0)

#define STATS_INC_ALLOCHIT(x) atomic_inc(&(x)->allochit)
#define STATS_INC_ALLOCMISS(x) atomic_inc(&(x)->allocmiss)
#define STATS_INC_FREEHIT(x) atomic_inc(&(x)->freehit)
#define STATS_INC_FREEMISS(x) atomic_inc(&(x)->freemiss)
#else
#define STATS_INC_ACTIVE(x) do { } while (0)
#define STATS_DEC_ACTIVE(x) do { } while (0)
#define STATS_INC_ALLOCED(x) do { } while (0)
#define STATS_INC_GROWN(x) do { } while (0)
#define STATS_INC_REAPED(x) do { } while (0)
#define STATS_SET_HIGH(x) do { } while (0)
#define STATS_INC_ERR(x) do { } while (0)
#define STATS_SET_FREEABLE(x, i) \
do { } while (0)

#define STATS_INC_ALLOCHIT(x) do { } while (0)
#define STATS_INC_ALLOCMISS(x) do { } while (0)
#define STATS_INC_FREEHIT(x) do { } while (0)
#define STATS_INC_FREEMISS(x) do { } while (0)
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