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SubjectRe: SCHED_RR and kernel threads
Bill Davidsen wrote:
> Stephen Warren wrote:
>
>>> From: Con Kolivas [mailto:kernel@kolivas.org] Stephen Warren writes:
>>>
>>>> I guess we could have most threads stay at SCHED_NORMAL, and just
>>
>>
>> make
>>
>>>> the few critical threads SCHED_RR, but I'm getting a lot of push-back
>>
>>
>> on
>>
>>>> this, since it makes our thread API a lot more complex.
>>>
>>>
>>> Your workaround is not suitable for the kernel at large.
>>
>>
>>
>> You mean the official kernel.org kernel? I wasn't implying that the
>> patch should be part of that!
>>
>> In our system we have literally EVERY single thread (kernel, user-space
>> daemons, and user-space applications) all setup as SCHED_RR with
>> identical priority at present, except a couple higher priority threads.
>> We did this initially for user-space by replacing /sbin/init with a
>> wrapper that set the scheduler policy and default priority, and verified
>> that this was inherited by all daemons & application threads. Then, we
>> found that the kernel threads could get starved in some situations,
>> hence the kernel change.
>>
>> Our threading model dictates that every thread have a priority (so that
>> the thread model is portable between Linux, embedded RTOSs etc.), and in
>> Linux AFAIK, the only way to implement priorities is to use a real-time
>> scheduling policy. Some threads do a lot of calculation. We want to make
>> them equal (or probably, lower) priority to the kernel threads, so
>> therefore the kernel threads must then be SCHED_RR.
>>
>> Can you elaborate on specific conditions that would cause the kernel
>> threads to suck up unusual amounts of CPU time?
>>
>> In our application, keyboard processing is a real-time requirement, so
>> if that is performed in a kernel thread, that kernel thread should be
>> real-time. We basically want the control to insert e.g. the keyboard
>> processing kernel thread into the middle of our priority hierarchy,
>> rather than having it forced as the lowest possible priority.
>
>
> Perhaps someone could comment on why the keyboard thread is NOT higher
> priority? The whole functionality of SysReq key combinations would seem
> to depend on actually seeing the strokes. I would cautiously suggest
> that a priority control in /proc/sys might be a useful interface,
> certainly compared to patching the kernel and rebuilding.
>
> Yes, I mean an option in the mainline kernel, so when debugging hangs
> the keyboard could be used.
>

There is nothing stopping you from setting the priority and the
scheduling policy from userspace in mainline.

Cheers,
Con
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