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SubjectRe: Module Observations
On Fri, 2 Jan 2004 18:55:09 +0530
Srivatsa Vaddagiri <> wrote:

> Hi,
> I was going thr' module code and made some observations:
> 1. sys_init_module drops the module_mutex semaphore
> before calling mod->init() function and later
> reacquires it. After reacquiring, it marks
> the module state as MODULE_STATE_LIVE.
> In the window when mod->init() function is running,
> isn't it possible that sys_delete_module (running
> on some other CPU and trying to remove the _same_ module)
> acquires the module_mutex sem and marks the module
> Shouldn't sys_init_module check for
> that possibility when it reacquires the semaphore after
> calling mod->init function?

Good catch. The module removal should refuse to remove it without --force.

I opened this hole when I dropped the sem around mod->init() (because
some modules load other modules in their init routine).

Andrew, please apply patch below.

> 2. try_module_get() and module_put()
> try_module_get increments the local cpu's ref count for the module
> and module_put decrements it.
> Is it required that the caller call both these functions from the same CPU?
> Otherwise, the total refcount for the module will be non-zero!

No, it's OK. We only care about the *total* being zero.

there are those who do and those who hang on and you don't see too
many doers quoting their contemporaries. -- Larry McVoy

Name: Prevent Removal of Module During Init
Author: Rusty Russell
Status: Trivial

D: Vatsa spotted this: you can remove a module while it's being
D: initialized, and that will be bad. Hole was opened when I dropped
D: the sem around the init routine (which can probe for other
D: modules).

diff -urpN --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal .22325-linux-2.6.1-rc1/kernel/module.c .22325-linux-2.6.1-rc1.updated/kernel/module.c
--- .22325-linux-2.6.1-rc1/kernel/module.c 2003-11-24 15:42:33.000000000 +1100
+++ .22325-linux-2.6.1-rc1.updated/kernel/module.c 2004-01-03 15:59:54.000000000 +1100
@@ -687,8 +687,8 @@ sys_delete_module(const char __user *nam
goto out;

- /* Already dying? */
- if (mod->state == MODULE_STATE_GOING) {
+ /* Doing init or already dying? */
+ if (mod->state != MODULE_STATE_LIVE) {
/* FIXME: if (force), slam module count and wake up
waiter --RR */
DEBUGP("%s already dying\n", mod->name);
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