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SubjectRe: x86, ARM, PARISC, PPC, MIPS and Sparc folks please run this
On Mon, 1 Sep 2003, Jamie Lokier wrote:

> Please try the program below, which is the same as before but with
> test_l1_only hopefully improved, and it prints some more helpful
> numbers.

A few MIPS systems:

1. An R3400-based DECstation 5000/240 -- the CPU has a 64kB I-cache and a
64kB D-cache, both are direct mapped, PIPT:

$ uname -a
Linux 3maxp 2.4.21 #3 Thu Aug 14 04:14:33 CEST 2003 mips unknown unknown GNU/Linux
$ time ./test
(256) [155,155,7] Test separation: 4096 bytes: pass
(256) [155,155,7] Test separation: 8192 bytes: pass
(256) [155,155,7] Test separation: 16384 bytes: pass
(256) [155,155,7] Test separation: 32768 bytes: pass
(256) [155,155,7] Test separation: 65536 bytes: pass
(256) [155,155,7] Test separation: 131072 bytes: pass
(256) [155,155,7] Test separation: 262144 bytes: pass
(256) [155,155,7] Test separation: 524288 bytes: pass
(256) [155,155,7] Test separation: 1048576 bytes: pass
(256) [155,155,7] Test separation: 2097152 bytes: pass
(256) [155,155,7] Test separation: 4194304 bytes: pass
(256) [155,155,7] Test separation: 8388608 bytes: pass
(256) [155,155,7] Test separation: 16777216 bytes: pass
VM page alias coherency test: all sizes passed
1.01user 0.27system 0:01.33elapsed 96%CPU (0avgtext+0avgdata 0maxresident)k
0inputs+0outputs (135major+44minor)pagefaults 0swaps
$ cat /proc/cpuinfo
system type : Digital DECstation 5000/2x0
processor : 0
cpu model : R3000A V3.0 FPU V4.0
BogoMIPS : 39.90
wait instruction : no
microsecond timers : no
tlb_entries : 64
extra interrupt vector : no
hardware watchpoint : no
VCED exceptions : not available
VCEI exceptions : not available

2. An R4400SC-based DECstation 5000/260 -- the CPU has a 16kB primary
I-cache and a 16kB primary D-cache, both are direct mapped, VIPT, and a
1024kB secondary joint (I+D) cache, direct mapped, PIPT:

$ uname -a
Linux 4maxp64 2.4.21 #19 Mon Aug 25 00:16:25 CEST 2003 mips64 unknown unknown GNU/Linux
$ time ./test
(64) [331,17,3] Test separation: 4096 bytes: FAIL - too slow
(64) [331,17,3] Test separation: 8192 bytes: FAIL - too slow
(128) [38,63,3] Test separation: 16384 bytes: pass
(128) [38,63,3] Test separation: 32768 bytes: pass
(128) [38,63,3] Test separation: 65536 bytes: pass
(128) [38,63,3] Test separation: 131072 bytes: pass
(128) [38,63,3] Test separation: 262144 bytes: pass
(128) [38,63,3] Test separation: 524288 bytes: pass
(128) [38,63,3] Test separation: 1048576 bytes: pass
(128) [38,63,3] Test separation: 2097152 bytes: pass
(128) [38,63,3] Test separation: 4194304 bytes: pass
(128) [38,63,3] Test separation: 8388608 bytes: pass
(128) [38,63,3] Test separation: 16777216 bytes: pass
VM page alias coherency test: minimum fast spacing: 16384 (4 pages)
0.34user 0.14system 0:00.53elapsed 89%CPU (0avgtext+0avgdata 0maxresident)k
0inputs+0outputs (135major+250minor)pagefaults 0swaps
$ cat /proc/cpuinfo
system type : Digital DECstation 5000/2x0
processor : 0
cpu model : R4400SC V4.0 FPU V0.0
BogoMIPS : 59.86
wait instruction : no
microsecond timers : yes
tlb_entries : 48
extra interrupt vector : no
hardware watchpoint : yes
VCED exceptions : 464662
VCEI exceptions : 667534

3. A MIPS 5Kc-based Malta -- the CPU has a 16kB I-cache and a 16kB
D-cache, both are 4-way set associative, VIPT:

$ uname -a
Linux malta 2.4.21 #5 Sun Aug 3 21:51:32 CEST 2003 mips unknown unknown GNU/Linux
$ time ./test
(128) [25,23,1] Test separation: 4096 bytes: pass
(128) [25,23,1] Test separation: 8192 bytes: pass
(128) [25,23,1] Test separation: 16384 bytes: pass
(128) [25,23,1] Test separation: 32768 bytes: pass
(256) [49,46,1] Test separation: 65536 bytes: pass
(128) [25,23,1] Test separation: 131072 bytes: pass
(128) [25,23,1] Test separation: 262144 bytes: pass
(256) [49,46,1] Test separation: 524288 bytes: pass
(256) [49,46,1] Test separation: 1048576 bytes: pass
(256) [49,46,1] Test separation: 2097152 bytes: pass
(256) [48,45,2] Test separation: 4194304 bytes: pass
(256) [49,46,1] Test separation: 8388608 bytes: pass
(128) [25,23,1] Test separation: 16777216 bytes: pass
VM page alias coherency test: all sizes passed
0.22user 0.06system 0:00.30elapsed 93%CPU (0avgtext+0avgdata 0maxresident)k
0inputs+0outputs (135major+44minor)pagefaults 0swaps
$ cat /proc/cpuinfo
system type : MIPS Malta
processor : 0
cpu model : MIPS 5Kc V0.1
BogoMIPS : 159.74
wait instruction : yes
microsecond timers : yes
tlb_entries : 32
extra interrupt vector : yes
hardware watchpoint : yes
VCED exceptions : not available
VCEI exceptions : not available

The slowdown for the R4400SC processor is surely the result of Virtual
Coherency Exceptions (reported in cpuinfo for both primary caches) -- the
secondary cache (S-cache) remembers a few bits of the virtual address (VA)
and if there is a hit in the S-cache, but the VA bits don't match, an
exception is taken to write back and invalidate the old entry from the
respective primary cache (P-cache) and reset the VA bits to the new value.
Then a reexecution of the faulting instruction does a refill to the
P-cache from the S-cache. This problem doesn't happen for the two other
processors as neither has an S-cache and also the R3400's P-cache is PIPT.

We avoid the hit resulting from cache aliasing for MIPS by aligning maps
appropriately.

Maciej

--
+ Maciej W. Rozycki, Technical University of Gdansk, Poland +
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
+ e-mail: macro@ds2.pg.gda.pl, PGP key available +
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