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Subject[PATCH] O17int
Date
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Food for the starving masses.

This patch prevents any single task from being able to starve the runqueue
that it's on. This minimises the impact a poorly behaved application or a
malicious one has on the rest of the system. If an interactive task (eg
blender) spins on wait on a cpu hog (X), other tasks will be less affected by
priority inversion occurring between X and blender (ie X will still suffer
but the machine wont come to a standstill). Broken apps will improve at least
partially with this, but they should be fixed for good performance.

Changes:
A task that uses up it's full timeslice will not be allowed to be the very
next task scheduled unless no other tasks on that runqueue are active. This
allows the next highest priority task to be scheduled or even an array switch
followed by the next task.

Dropped the on runqueue bonus to high credit tasks on requeuing for timeslice
granularity for the above to work well.

Patch O16.3-O17int and a full patch against 2.6.0-test3 is available at
http://kernel.kolivas.org/2.5

Con
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-----END PGP SIGNATURE-------- linux-2.6.0-test3-mm3-O16.3/kernel/sched.c 2003-08-19 23:17:29.000000000 +1000
+++ linux-2.6.0-test3-mm3/kernel/sched.c 2003-08-20 00:04:00.000000000 +1000
@@ -360,6 +360,16 @@ static int effective_prio(task_t *p)
}

/*
+ * Activation classes used in p->activated as flags
+ */
+#define STARVED_WAKER -3 // on runqueue by potential starvation
+#define USED_SLICE -2 // used up a full timeslice
+#define UNINT_WAKE -1 // woke from an uninterruptible sleep
+#define AWAKE 0 // other
+#define PART_RQ 1 // on run queue receives partial sleep credit
+#define FULL_RQ 2 // on run queue receives full sleep credit
+
+/*
* __activate_task - move a task to the runqueue.
*/
static inline void __activate_task(task_t *p, runqueue_t *rq)
@@ -410,7 +420,7 @@ static void recalc_task_prio(task_t *p,
* sleep are limited in their sleep_avg rise as they
* are likely to be waiting on I/O
*/
- if (p->activated == -1 && !HIGH_CREDIT(p) && p->mm){
+ if (p->activated == UNINT_WAKE && !HIGH_CREDIT(p) && p->mm){
if (p->sleep_avg >=
JIFFIES_TO_NS(JUST_INTERACTIVE_SLEEP(p)))
sleep_time = 0;
@@ -458,7 +468,7 @@ static inline void activate_task(task_t
* This checks to make sure it's not an uninterruptible task
* that is now waking up.
*/
- if (!p->activated){
+ if (p->activated == AWAKE){
/*
* Tasks which were woken up by interrupts (ie. hw events)
* are most likely of interactive nature. So we give them
@@ -467,13 +477,13 @@ static inline void activate_task(task_t
* on a CPU, first time around:
*/
if (in_interrupt())
- p->activated = 2;
+ p->activated = FULL_RQ;
else
/*
* Normal first-time wakeups get a credit too for on-runqueue
* time, but it will be weighted down:
*/
- p->activated = 1;
+ p->activated = PART_RQ;
}
p->timestamp = now;

@@ -603,7 +613,7 @@ repeat_lock_task:
* Tasks on involuntary sleep don't earn
* sleep_avg beyond just interactive state.
*/
- p->activated = -1;
+ p->activated = UNINT_WAKE;
}
if (sync)
__activate_task(p, rq);
@@ -1398,8 +1408,10 @@ void scheduler_tick(int user_ticks, int
rq->expired_timestamp = jiffies;
if (!TASK_INTERACTIVE(p) || EXPIRED_STARVING(rq)) {
enqueue_task(p, rq->expired);
- } else
+ } else {
enqueue_task(p, rq->active);
+ p->activated = USED_SLICE;
+ }
} else {
/*
* Prevent a too long timeslice allowing a task to monopolize
@@ -1415,21 +1427,18 @@ void scheduler_tick(int user_ticks, int
* equal priority.
*
* This only applies to user tasks in the interactive
- * delta range with at least MIN_TIMESLICE left.
+ * delta range or a starved waker with at least MIN_TIMESLICE
+ * left.
*/
- if (p->mm && TASK_INTERACTIVE(p) && !((task_timeslice(p) -
- p->time_slice) % TIMESLICE_GRANULARITY) &&
+ if (p->mm && (TASK_INTERACTIVE(p) ||
+ p->activated == STARVED_WAKER) &&
+ !((task_timeslice(p) - p->time_slice) %
+ TIMESLICE_GRANULARITY) &&
(p->time_slice > MIN_TIMESLICE) &&
(p->array == rq->active)) {

dequeue_task(p, rq->active);
set_tsk_need_resched(p);
- /*
- * Tasks with interactive credit get all their
- * time waiting on the run queue credited as sleep
- */
- if (HIGH_CREDIT(p))
- p->activated = 2;
p->prio = effective_prio(p);
enqueue_task(p, rq->active);
}
@@ -1534,18 +1543,46 @@ pick_next_task:
queue = array->queue + idx;
next = list_entry(queue->next, task_t, run_list);

- if (next->activated > 0) {
- unsigned long long delta = now - next->timestamp;
+ /*
+ * This prevents tasks that have used up a full timeslice from
+ * being rescheduled immediately, thus avoiding starvation
+ * and allowing lower priority tasks to run for at least
+ * TIMESLICE_GRANULARITY or even allowing an array switch
+ */
+ if (unlikely(next == prev && prev->activated == USED_SLICE &&
+ prev->mm && rq->nr_running > 1)){
+ dequeue_task(prev, array);
+ if (unlikely(!array->nr_active)) {
+ rq->active = rq->expired;
+ rq->expired = array;
+ array = rq->active;
+ rq->expired_timestamp = 0;
+ }
+ idx = sched_find_first_bit(array->bitmap);
+ queue = array->queue + idx;
+ next = list_entry(queue->next, task_t, run_list);
+ enqueue_task(prev, array);
+ prev->activated = AWAKE;

- if (next->activated == 1)
- delta = delta * (ON_RUNQUEUE_WEIGHT * 128 / 100) / 128;
+ if (!TASK_INTERACTIVE(next))
+ next->activated = STARVED_WAKER;
+ else
+ next->activated = AWAKE;
+ } else {
+ if (next->activated > 0) {
+ unsigned long long delta = now - next->timestamp;

- array = next->array;
- dequeue_task(next, array);
- recalc_task_prio(next, next->timestamp + delta);
- enqueue_task(next, array);
+ if (next->activated == PART_RQ)
+ delta = delta * (ON_RUNQUEUE_WEIGHT * 128 /
+ 100) / 128;
+
+ array = next->array;
+ dequeue_task(next, array);
+ recalc_task_prio(next, next->timestamp + delta);
+ enqueue_task(next, array);
+ }
+ next->activated = AWAKE;
}
- next->activated = 0;
switch_tasks:
prefetch(next);
clear_tsk_need_resched(prev);
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