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SubjectRe: PCI mapping on large memory 32-bit machines
On Mon, 19 May 2003, Timothy Miller wrote:

> On x86 with PAE and 4 gigs of RAM or more, where do memory-mapped I/O
> devices get mapped (in the physical address space)? Most PCI devices
> can't handle 64-bit addresses. Can PC chipsets physically remap some of
> the RAM to above 4 gig? Or do you just lose that much RAM? If both RAM
> and some I/O device are mapped to the same location, isn't there a conflict?

The answer to PC/PCI is that the I/O space set (usually by the BIOS)
into the BARs removes any RAM visibility in that area. But.... this
is BAD bacause the BIOS may still claim that there is 4 gig of RAM.
The OS may then try to use it. To "solve" this problem, Win/tell started
the "high-RAM" specification where RAM higher than XXX Megs gets
mapped with page-registers. The problem is that "XXX" is board-specific!

So, to answer your entire question... don't do it! Only use 3 gigs max
and you will not be confused by confused hardware!

Dick Johnson
Penguin : Linux version 2.4.20 on an i686 machine (797.90 BogoMips).
Why is the government concerned about the lunatic fringe? Think about it.

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