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SubjectRe: [Bluetooth] HCI USB driver update. Support for SCO over HCI USB.
On Tue, Apr 29, 2003 at 01:29:41PM -0700, Max Krasnyansky wrote:
> >You aren't calling usb_free_urb() as you are embedding a struct urb
> >within your struct _urb structure. Any reason you can't use a struct
> >urb * instead and call the usb core's functions to create and return
> >a urb ?
> I didn't want to do two allocations (one for struct _urb and one for
> struct urb).

I agree, and understand what you are doing, it makes sense for your
case. Just wanted to make sure you were aware of the future danger :)

> >Otherwise any changes to the internal urb structures, and the
> >usb_alloc_urb() and usb_free_urb() functions will have to be mirrored
> >here in your functions, and I know I will forget to do that :)
> How about


Ok, that works for me. Does the patch below work out for you?

> I was actually going to ask you guys if you'd be interested in
> generalizing this _urb_queue() stuff that I have for other drivers.
> Current URB api does not provide any interface for
> queueing/linking/etc of URBs in the _driver_ itself. Things like next,
> prev, etc are used in the HCD. So if driver submits bunch of different
> URBs (and potentially multiple URBs of the same type like hci_usb
> does) it has to implement its own lists, arrays and stuff. I used to
> use SKBs for URB queues but struct sk_buff is to big for that simple
> task.

Yes, generalizing that stuff would be nice to have. Lots of drivers
have to manage their urbs on their own today, and making that easier to
do would be a good thing.


greg k-h

# usb: create usb_init_urb() for those people who like to live dangerously (like the bluetooth stack.)

diff -Nru a/drivers/usb/core/urb.c b/drivers/usb/core/urb.c
--- a/drivers/usb/core/urb.c Tue Apr 29 14:07:13 2003
+++ b/drivers/usb/core/urb.c Tue Apr 29 14:07:13 2003
@@ -14,6 +14,29 @@
#include "hcd.h"

+ * usb_init_urb - initializes a urb so that it can be used by a USB driver
+ * @urb: pointer to the urb to initialize
+ *
+ * Initializes a urb so that the USB subsystem can use it properly.
+ *
+ * If a urb is created with a call to usb_alloc_urb() it is not
+ * necessary to call this function. Only use this if you allocate the
+ * space for a struct urb on your own. If you call this function, be
+ * careful when freeing the memory for your urb that it is no longer in
+ * use by the USB core.
+ */
+int usb_init_urb(struct urb *urb)
+ if (!urb)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ memset(urb, 0, sizeof(*urb));
+ urb->count = (atomic_t)ATOMIC_INIT(1);
+ spin_lock_init(&urb->lock);
+ return 0;
* usb_alloc_urb - creates a new urb for a USB driver to use
* @iso_packets: number of iso packets for this urb
* @mem_flags: the type of memory to allocate, see kmalloc() for a list of
@@ -38,13 +61,14 @@
if (!urb) {
err("alloc_urb: kmalloc failed");
- return NULL;
+ goto exit;
+ }
+ if (usb_init_urb(urb)) {
+ kfree(urb);
+ urb = NULL;

- memset(urb, 0, sizeof(*urb));
- urb->count = (atomic_t)ATOMIC_INIT(1);
- spin_lock_init(&urb->lock);
return urb;

@@ -387,7 +411,7 @@
return -ENODEV;

-// asynchronous request completion model
diff -Nru a/include/linux/usb.h b/include/linux/usb.h
--- a/include/linux/usb.h Tue Apr 29 14:07:13 2003
+++ b/include/linux/usb.h Tue Apr 29 14:07:13 2003
@@ -766,6 +766,7 @@

extern struct urb *usb_alloc_urb(int iso_packets, int mem_flags);
+extern int usb_init_urb(struct urb *urb);
extern void usb_free_urb(struct urb *urb);
#define usb_put_urb usb_free_urb
extern struct urb *usb_get_urb(struct urb *urb);
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