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SubjectRe: Patch/resubmit linux-2.5.63-bk4 try_module_get simplification
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On Sun, 2 Mar 2003 15:12:37 +0100 (CET)
Roman Zippel <zippel@linux-m68k.org> wrote:

> Hi,
>
> On Fri, 28 Feb 2003, Adam J. Richter wrote:
>
> > The following patch shrinks changes the implementation of
> > try_module_get() and friends to eliminate the special stopping of all
> > CPU's when a module is unloaded. Instead, it uses a read/write
> > semaphore in a perhaps slightly non-intuitive way.
>
> Hmm, I was waiting a bit for Rusty's comment, but there isn't any...

(Sorry, on holiday, skimming mail)

I like it *very* much! There's a small race, but it's easily fixed by
turning the local_dec into a module_put (or variant) (otherwise an
rmmod --wait can sleep forever, waking up and seeing a non-zero
refcount, and going back to sleep).

Three other requests, if I may.

It'd be nice to have a comment for the two smp_mb() eg. /* Must increment
before checking state */ and vice-versa above the one in module.c. Secondly
probably nicer to just rename the modlist_lock to module_lock and use that,
and thirdly merge with the racefix patch below if Linus hasn't already
taken it.
BTW, I'm away from the office for a couple of weeks, and even if I weren't,
my test box doesn't stay up for more than minutes under any recent kernel 8(
Can you stress test this and send to Linus?

> BTW making the module ref functions not inline saves about 5KB with the
> standard config.

Interesting. The "if (!module)" could theortically be dropped, but I
just looked at the sizes of try_module_get as a standalone function
for various config options (x86, gcc 3.2.3):
UNLOAD=y
SMP=y
PREEMPT=y
try_module_get() 78 bytes

UNLOAD=y
SMP=y
PREEMPT=n
try_module_get() 48 bytes

UNLOAD=y
SMP=n
PREEMPT=n
try_module_get() 28 bytes

UNLOAD=n
try_module_get() 21 bytes

These numbers are a bit exaggerated due to function prologue and
epilogues, but on x86 PREEMPT=y case at least I definitely think that
it's worth out-of-lining it (a straight function call costs about 11
bytes). Don't know about other archs.

Thanks for the patch!
Rusty.
--
there are those who do and those who hang on and you don't see too
many doers quoting their contemporaries. -- Larry McVoy

Name: Fix two module races
Author: Bob Miller, Rusty Russell
Status: Trivial

D: Bob Miller points out that the try_module_get in use_module() can,
D: of course, fail. Secondly, there is a race between setting the module
D: live, and a simultaneous removal of it.

diff -urpN --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.5.62-bk6/kernel/module.c working-2.5.62-bk6-modraces/kernel/module.c
--- linux-2.5.62-bk6/kernel/module.c 2003-02-18 11:18:57.000000000 +1100
+++ working-2.5.62-bk6-modraces/kernel/module.c 2003-02-24 13:42:44.000000000 +1100
@@ -173,16 +173,19 @@ static int use_module(struct module *a,
struct module_use *use;
if (b == NULL || already_uses(a, b)) return 1;

+ if (!strong_try_module_get(b))
+ return 0;
+
DEBUGP("Allocating new usage for %s.\n", a->name);
use = kmalloc(sizeof(*use), GFP_ATOMIC);
if (!use) {
printk("%s: out of memory loading\n", a->name);
+ module_put(b);
return 0;
}

use->module_which_uses = a;
list_add(&use->list, &b->modules_which_use_me);
- try_module_get(b); /* Can't fail */
return 1;
}

@@ -1456,10 +1459,12 @@ sys_init_module(void *umod,
}

/* Now it's a first class citizen! */
+ down(&module_mutex);
mod->state = MODULE_STATE_LIVE;
module_free(mod, mod->module_init);
mod->module_init = NULL;
mod->init_size = 0;
+ up(&module_mutex);

return 0;
}
-
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