lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2003]   [Oct]   [17]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[RFC] prevent "dd if=/dev/mem" crash
Date
This is the generic part of a change to prevent "dd if=/dev/mem"
from causing a machine check on ia64.

read_mem() and write_mem() already check the requested address
against "high_memory", but that is only a complete check if
everything from 0 to high_memory is valid, readable/writable
memory. Obviously that's not the case for architectures with
discontiguous memory, like ia64.

Old behavior:

# dd if=/dev/mem of=/dev/null
<unrecoverable machine check>

New behavior (this system has a hole from 0-16MB, then memory
from 16MB-1GB):

# dd if=/dev/mem of=/dev/null
0+0 records in
0+0 records out
0 bytes transferred in 0.000282 seconds (0 bytes/sec)

# dd if=/dev/mem of=/dev/null bs=1M skip=16
1004+10 records in
1004+10 records out
1056964608 bytes transferred in 1.629262 seconds (648738280 bytes/sec)

I expect there are probably different opinions about the idea
that "dd if=/dev/mem" exits without doing anything. Sparc and
68K have nearby code that bit-buckets writes and returns zeroes
for reads of page zero. We could do that, too, but it seems like
kind of a hack, and holes on ia64 can be BIG (on the order of
256GB for one box).

So flame away :-)

The patch below is mangled so it won't apply easily. If this
seems a reasonable approach, I'll submit the ia64 piece first,
then repost this.

Bjorn

===== drivers/char/mem.c 1.44 vs edited =====
--- 1.44/ drivers/char/mem.c Sun Sep 21 15:50:34 2003
+++ edited/ drivers/char/mem.c Fri Oct 17 15:37:47 2003
@@ -79,6 +79,24 @@
#endif
}

+static inline int valid_mem_range(unsigned long addr, size_t *count)
+{
+#if defined(CONFIG_IA64)
+ return efi_valid_mem_range(addr, count);
+#else
+ unsigned long end_mem;
+
+ end_mem = __pa(high_memory);
+ if (addr >= end_mem)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (*count > end_mem - addr)
+ *count = end_mem - addr;
+
+ return 1;
+#endif
+}
+
static ssize_t do_write_mem(struct file * file, void *p, unsigned long realp,
const char * buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
@@ -113,14 +131,10 @@
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
unsigned long p = *ppos;
- unsigned long end_mem;
ssize_t read;

- end_mem = __pa(high_memory);
- if (p >= end_mem)
+ if (!valid_mem_range(p, &count))
return 0;
- if (count > end_mem - p)
- count = end_mem - p;
read = 0;
#if defined(__sparc__) || (defined(__mc68000__) && defined(CONFIG_MMU))
/* we don't have page 0 mapped on sparc and m68k.. */
@@ -149,13 +163,9 @@
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
unsigned long p = *ppos;
- unsigned long end_mem;

- end_mem = __pa(high_memory);
- if (p >= end_mem)
+ if (!valid_mem_range(p, &count))
return 0;
- if (count > end_mem - p)
- count = end_mem - p;
return do_write_mem(file, __va(p), p, buf, count, ppos);
}

===== include/linux/efi.h 1.3 vs edited =====
--- 1.3/ include/linux/efi.h Thu Aug 7 14:01:48 2003
+++ edited/ include/linux/efi.h Thu Oct 16 16:54:52 2003
@@ -266,6 +266,7 @@
extern u64 efi_get_iobase (void);
extern u32 efi_mem_type (unsigned long phys_addr);
extern u64 efi_mem_attributes (unsigned long phys_addr);
+extern int efi_valid_mem_range (unsigned long phys_addr, unsigned long *count);

/*
* Variable Attributes
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2005-03-22 13:58    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans