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SubjectRe: Warning - running *really* short on DMA buffers while doing file transfers
>> Hooks for sending ordered tags have been in the aic7xxx driver, at
>> least in FreeBSD's version, since '97. As soon as the Linux cmd
>> blocks have such information it will be trivial to have the aic7xxx
>> driver issue the appropriate tag types.
>
> They already do in 2.5, see scsi_populate_tag_msg() in scsi.h. This
> assumes you're using the generic tag queueing, which the aic7xxx
> doesn't, but you could easily key the tag type off REQ_BARRIER.

If anyone wants to play with the updated aic7xxx and aic79xx drivers
(new port to 2.5, plus it honors the otag stuff), you can pick it up
from here:



--On Friday, September 27, 2002 13:21:29 -0400 James Bottomley
<James.Bottomley@steeleye.com> wrote:

>> Which part of the OS are you talking about?
>
> I'm not, I'm talking about the pure physical characteristics of the
> transport bus.
>
>> I also do not believe that the command overhead is as significant as
>> you suggest. I've personally seen a non-packetized SCSI bus perform
>> over 15K transactions per-second.
>
> Well, lets assume the simplest setup possible: select + tag msg + 10 byte
> command + disconnect + reselect + status; that's 17 bytes async. The
> maximum bus speed async narrow is about 4Mb/s, so those 17 bytes take
> around 4us to transmit. On a wide Ultra2 bus, the data rate is about
> 80Mb/s so it takes 50us to transmit 4k or 800us to transmit 64k.
> However, the major killer in this model is going to be disconnection
> delay at around 200us (dwarfing arbitration delay, bus settle time etc).
> For 4k packets you spend about 3 times longer arbitrating for the bus
> than you do transmitting data. For 64k packets it's 25% of your data
> transmit time in arbitration. Your theoretical throughput for 4k
> packets is thus 20Mb/s. In my book that's a significant loss on an
> 80Mb/s bus.
>
> On Fabric busses, you move to the network model and collision
> probabilities which increase as the packet size goes down.
>
> gibbs@scsiguy.com said:
>> Because of read-ahead, the OS should never send 16 4k contiguous reads
>> to the I/O layer for the same application.
>
> read ahead is basically a very simplistic form of I/O scheduling.
>


--On Friday, September 27, 2002 13:21:29 -0400 James Bottomley
<James.Bottomley@steeleye.com> wrote:

>> Which part of the OS are you talking about?
>
> I'm not, I'm talking about the pure physical characteristics of the
> transport bus.
>
>> I also do not believe that the command overhead is as significant as
>> you suggest. I've personally seen a non-packetized SCSI bus perform
>> over 15K transactions per-second.
>
> Well, lets assume the simplest setup possible: select + tag msg + 10 byte
> command + disconnect + reselect + status; that's 17 bytes async. The
> maximum bus speed async narrow is about 4Mb/s, so those 17 bytes take
> around 4us to transmit. On a wide Ultra2 bus, the data rate is about
> 80Mb/s so it takes 50us to transmit 4k or 800us to transmit 64k.
> However, the major killer in this model is going to be disconnection
> delay at around 200us (dwarfing arbitration delay, bus settle time etc).
> For 4k packets you spend about 3 times longer arbitrating for the bus
> than you do transmitting data. For 64k packets it's 25% of your data
> transmit time in arbitration. Your theoretical throughput for 4k
> packets is thus 20Mb/s. In my book that's a significant loss on an
> 80Mb/s bus.
>
> On Fabric busses, you move to the network model and collision
> probabilities which increase as the packet size goes down.
>
> gibbs@scsiguy.com said:
>> Because of read-ahead, the OS should never send 16 4k contiguous reads
>> to the I/O layer for the same application.
>
> read ahead is basically a very simplistic form of I/O scheduling.
>

http://people.FreeBSD.org/~gibbs/linux/linux-2.5-aic79xxx.tar.gz

--
Justin
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