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    SubjectRe: BIG files & file systems
    "Peter J. Braam" wrote:
    > Hi,
    > I've just been told that some "limitations" of the following kind will
    > remain:
    > page index = unsigned long
    > ino_t = unsigned long
    > Lustre has definitely been asked to support much larger files than
    > 16TB. Also file systems with a trillion files have been requested by
    > one of our supporters (you don't want to know who, besides I've no
    > idea how many bits go in a trillion, but it's more than 32).
    > I understand why people don't want to sprinkle the kernel with u64's,
    > and arguably we can wait a year or two and use 64 bit architectures,
    > so I'm probably not going to kick up a fuss about it.
    > However, I thought I'd let you know that there are organizations that
    > _really_ want to have such big files and file systems and get quite
    > dismayed about "small integers". And we will fail to deliver on a
    > requirement to write a 50TB file because of this.

    I don't know about the ino_t thing, but as far as the pagecache
    indices goes it's simply a matter of

    - s/unsigned long/pgoff_t/ in a zillion places
    - modify the radix tree code a bit
    - make it all work
    - convince Linus

    Linus's objections are threefold: it expands struct page, 64 bit
    arith is slow and gcc tends to get it wrong. And I would add "most
    developers won't test 64-bit pgoff_t, and it'll get broken regularly".

    The expansion of struct page and the performance impact is just a
    cost which you'll have to balance against the benefits. For a few
    people, 32-bit pagecache index is a showstopper and they'll accept that

    Sprinkling `pgoff_t' everywhere is, IMO, not a bad thing - it aids code
    readability because it tells you what the variable is used for.

    As for broken gcc, well, the proponents of 64-bit pgoff_t would have
    to work to identify the correct gcc version and generally get gcc
    doing the right thing.
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