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SubjectRe: 2.5.8 final - another data point
J Sloan wrote:
>
> ...
> dbench performance has regressed significantly
> since 2.5.8-pre1; the performance is equivalent
> up to 8 instances, but at 16 and above, 2.5.8 final
> takes a nosedive. Performance at 128 instances
> is approximately 20% of the throughput of
> 2.5.8-pre1 - which is in turn not up to 2.4.xx
> performance levels. I realize that the BIO has
> been through heavy surgery, and nowhere near
> optimized, but this is just a data point...

It's not related to BIO. dbench is all about higher-level
memory management, high-level IO scheduling and butterfly
wings.

> ...
> Throughput 151.068 MB/sec (NB=188.835 MB/sec 1510.68 MBit/sec) 8 procs
> Throughput 43.0191 MB/sec (NB=53.7738 MB/sec 430.191 MBit/sec) 16 procs
> Throughput 9.65171 MB/sec (NB=12.0646 MB/sec 96.5171 MBit/sec) 32 procs
> Throughput 37.8267 MB/sec (NB=47.2833 MB/sec 378.267 MBit/sec) 64 procs

Consider that 32 proc line for a while.

>....
> 2.5.8-final
> ---------------
> Throughput 152.948 MB/sec (NB=191.185 MB/sec 1529.48 MBit/sec) 1 procs
> Throughput 151.597 MB/sec (NB=189.497 MB/sec 1515.97 MBit/sec) 2 procs
> Throughput 150.377 MB/sec (NB=187.972 MB/sec 1503.77 MBit/sec) 4 procs
> Throughput 150.159 MB/sec (NB=187.698 MB/sec 1501.59 MBit/sec) 8 procs
> Throughput 7.25691 MB/sec (NB=9.07113 MB/sec 72.5691 MBit/sec) 16 procs
> Throughput 6.36332 MB/sec (NB=7.95415 MB/sec 63.6332 MBit/sec) 32 procs

It's obviously fallen over some cliff. Conceivably the larger readahead
window causes this. How much memory does the machine have? `dbench 64'
on a 512 meg setup certainly causes readahead thrashing. You can
stick a `printk("ouch");' into handle_ra_thrashing() and watch it...


But really, all this stuff is in churn at present. I have patches here
which take `dbench 64' on 512 megs from this:


2.5.8:
Throughput 12.7343 MB/sec (NB=15.9179 MB/sec 127.343 MBit/sec)

to this:

2.5.8-akpm:
Throughput 49.2223 MB/sec (NB=61.5278 MB/sec 492.223 MBit/sec)

This is partly by just throwing more memory at it. The gap
widens on highmem...

And that code isn't tuned yet - I do know that threads are getting
blocked by each other at the inode level. And that ext2 is serialising
itself at the lock_super() level, and that if you fix that,
threads serialise on slab's cache_chain_sem (which is pretty
amazing...).

Patience. 2.5.later-on will perform well. :)

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