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    SubjectOf Bundling, Dao and Cowardice

    On Sat, 16 Feb 2002, Eric S. Raymond wrote:

    > Would you ask someone designing a new VM to make it crash and hang exactly
    > the same way the old one did?
    > Do you demand that a rewrite of a disk driver have the same data-corruption
    > bugs as the original before it can go into the tree, and tell the developer
    > to add fixes later?
    > Pragmatically, the point of rewriting a system is to *fix bugs*.

    That, folks, is a fine example of very common problem.
    It's very tempting to try and force your ideas of How The Things
    Should Be Done(tm) into the tree by bundling them with genuine
    bug fixes and (more or less gracefully) refusing to split the
    patch. Anybody who had done serious work on the tree had felt
    that temptation at one point or another. No arguments - it's very
    attractive. Indeed, you don't have to defend every point of your
    design and implementation - you can always point to Bad Bugs(tm)
    that are fixed by the entire thing and obfuscate the objections away.
    The trouble being, _SUCH_ _BUNDLING_ _IS_ _NOT_ _A_ _VALID_ _STRATEGY_.

    It had been tried. Many times. Sometimes it even got the
    thing into the tree. _All_ such cases had lead to trouble.

    There is another way. It takes more efforts, it requires
    readiness to defend every damn part of your design and it means
    that you will have to deal with the sad fact that parts of that
    design need to be redone. It will take more time. It will look
    less sexy. It may very well mean that somebody else will get
    alternative design into the tree on the top of your efforts.
    There are only two positive things about it - it is honest and
    it leads to better tree.

    How does it work? Simple - look at the path from original
    tree to tree with your modifications. And no, "one big jump" doesn't
    count. Think of the way your ideas can be split into parts. Think
    of the way obstructions to the changes can be split into parts.
    Find small and simple changes that can go in right now, would improve
    the tree and would make the rest of path easier. And merge them.
    If you find that it can't be done - think what needs to be changed in
    the tree (or in your modifications) to make the split possible.
    If you see that something is ugly and stands in the way - help the thing
    to achieve the form it wants. That may change all your ideas about the
    right design for your modifications. That's OK - it's a Good Thing(tm).
    And merge the small changes. Step by step.

    _That_ works. Less glory; more time; more work. And better
    tree afterwards. The code wants to get cleaner. In many directions.
    The trick is to pick the right ones and let the thing grow into natural
    form. Do that many times in the right order and you will get it where
    you want it to be. Quite possibly - in a better place than you thought

    Before you start saying that it's impossible - THAT HAD BEEN DONE.
    Between 2.3.40 and 2.5.2 (about two years) we got pretty much complete
    redesign of VFS, along with the stuff that was plain impossible with
    the old design. Get the old tree. Get the current tree. Compare. And
    realize that more than half of the way was covered during 2.4. Yes, the
    total size of patches had been about 2 times larger than the size of
    combined patch. Definitely took a lot of extra efforts. You know what?
    It was worth the trouble. Result is better than what I've expected. And
    a lot of things in the first iteration of design had turned out to be
    useless - stuff that was there to work around the problems that got _fixed_
    by cleanups at some point during these two years. And I fully expect to
    see the same thing happening with the stuff I'm planning and doing now.

    While we are at it, look what Rik is doing right now. He has
    a huge patch pretty much rewriting (what a coincidence) VM. He had tried
    to shove its previous incarnations into the tree whole-sale. Saying that
    it didn't work is putting it _very_ mildly - resulting fight is in l-k
    archives and boy, was it nasty... Look what's going on now - same splitup
    and gradual merge strategy. Sure, extra work. Guess what? The thing had
    already become better from that work.

    As for your motivations... If you are doing that for bragging
    rights ("I've thought up a new design and now it's in the tree, exactly
    as I envisioned it") - find something else to brag about. Your strategy
    is basically a sign of cowardice - you are fighting tooth and nail to avoid
    gradual changes and the only way I can interpret it is that you are afraid
    to let parts of your design stand on their own. Not exactly a bragging
    material, that...

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