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SubjectRe: [PATCH] syscall latency improvement #1
On Fri, 25 Jan 2002, Linus Torvalds wrote:

>
> On Sat, 26 Jan 2002, Andi Kleen wrote:
> > On Fri, Jan 25, 2002 at 05:53:57PM -0800, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> > >
> > > On 26 Jan 2002, Andi Kleen wrote:
> > > >
> > > > It doesn't explain the Athlon speedups. On athlon cli is ~4 cycles.
> > >
> > > .. and it probably serializes the instruction stream.
> >
> > I have word from AMD engineering that it doesn't stall the pipeline
> > or serializes.
>
> Note that it may not be the "cli" itself - the "iret" may be slower if it
> has to enable interrupts that were disabled before. Ie the iret microcode
> may have the equivalent of
>
> /* Did eflags change? */
> if ((new_eflags ^ old_eflags) & IF_MASK)
> .. do sti/cli as appropriate ..
>
> which would mean that the "cli" itself may take 4 cycles, but the "sti"
> implicit in the iret will _also_ take 4 cycles and is optimized away when
> not needed.
>
> Which would add up to the 8 cycles needed for a ~3.4% speedup (this is
> assuming the baseline is something like 250 cycles per system call, I've
> not checked that assumption).

guys, why don't you use #rdtsc to discover where perf improvement comes from ?




- Davide


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