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Subject[PATCH] a more efficient BUG() macro
I was poking around in a vmlinux the other day and was surprised at the 
amount of repetitive crap text that was in there. For example, try:

strings vmlinux|grep $PWD|wc -c
which gets some 70KB in my case - depends on strlen($PWD) obviously. The
culprit is BUG() in a static inline that is in a header file. In this
case cpp expands __FILE__ to the full path of the header file in question.
(IIRC there is a __BASEFILE__ that would be a better choice than __FILE__)

There is also some 5 to 10k worth of "kernel BUG at %s:%d!\n" scattered
through a typical vmlinux. Note that neither of these show up in [b]zImage
size since they compress to something like 99%, but they do cost memory once
the kernel is booted.

Anyway this small patch makes sure there is only one "kernel BUG..." string,
and dumps __FILE__ in favour of an address value since System.map data is
needed to make full use of the BUG() dump anyways. The memory stats of two
otherwise identical kernels:

Memory: 22004k/24576k available (1163k kernel code, 2184k reserved,
309k data, 64k init, 0k highmem)
Memory: 22076k/24576k available (1163k kernel code, 2112k reserved,
238k data, 64k init, 0k highmem)

so the lightweight BUG() nets a worthwhile (IMHO) saving of 72KB for this
particular kernel. (Which is even more than the __init goodies recover.)
Patch is against 2.4.2pre3 and is fully contained within i386 files.
I can supply a 2.2.x version of the patch if there is demand for it.
Paul.


diff -ur linux~/arch/i386/kernel/i386_ksyms.c linux/arch/i386/kernel/i386_ksyms.c
--- linux-g/arch/i386/kernel/i386_ksyms.c Thu Jan 11 09:06:12 2001
+++ linux-g-bug/arch/i386/kernel/i386_ksyms.c Thu Feb 15 03:50:18 2001
@@ -78,6 +78,7 @@
EXPORT_SYMBOL_NOVERS(__down_write_failed);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_NOVERS(__down_read_failed);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_NOVERS(__rwsem_wake);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_NOVERS(bugstring);
/* Networking helper routines. */
EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_partial_copy_generic);
/* Delay loops */
diff -ur linux~/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c linux/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c
--- linux-g/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c Wed Feb 14 02:39:58 2001
+++ linux-g-bug/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c Thu Feb 15 04:13:31 2001
@@ -105,6 +105,8 @@
char ignore_irq13; /* set if exception 16 works */
struct cpuinfo_x86 boot_cpu_data = { 0, 0, 0, 0, -1, 1, 0, 0, -1 };

+const char *bugstring="<1>kernel BUG at 0x%p\n";
+
unsigned long mmu_cr4_features;

/*
diff -ur linux~/include/asm-i386/page.h linux/include/asm-i386/page.h
--- linux-g/include/asm-i386/page.h Sat Dec 16 04:02:20 2000
+++ linux-g-bug/include/asm-i386/page.h Thu Feb 15 04:25:29 2001
@@ -86,10 +86,13 @@
* Tell the user there is some problem. Beep too, so we can
* see^H^H^Hhear bugs in early bootup as well!
*/
-#define BUG() do { \
- printk("kernel BUG at %s:%d!\n", __FILE__, __LINE__); \
+extern const char *bugstring; /* ...is in i386/kernel/setup.c - Paul G. */
+#define BUG() ({ \
+ __label__ bugaddr; \
+bugaddr: \
+ printk(bugstring, &&bugaddr); \
__asm__ __volatile__(".byte 0x0f,0x0b"); \
-} while (0)
+})

#define PAGE_BUG(page) do { \
BUG(); \




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