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    SubjectRe: aio
    At 08:32 AM 20/12/2001 -0800, Dan Kegel wrote:
    >Proper wrapper code can make them (almost) easy to program with.
    >See for an example
    >of a wrapper that automatically handles the fallback to poll() on overflow.
    >Using this wrapper I wrote ftp clients and servers which use a thin wrapper
    >api that lets the user choose from select, poll, /dev/poll, kqueue/kevent,
    >and RT signals
    >at runtime.

    SIGIO sucks in the real-world for a few reasons right now, most of them
    unrelated to 'sigio' itself:

    1. SIGIO uses signals.
    look at how signals are handled on multiprocessor (SMP) boxes.
    can you say "cache ping-pong", not to mention the locking and
    loop lookups?
    every signal to user-space results in 512-bytes of memory-copy
    from kernel-to-user-space.

    2. SIGIO is very heavy
    userspace only gets back one-event-per-system-call, thus you end
    up with tens-of-
    thousands of user<->kernel transitions per second eating up
    valuable cpu resources.
    there is neither: (a) aggregation of SIGIO events on a per-socket
    basis, nor
    (b) aggregating multiple SIGIO events from multiple sockets onto a
    single system call.

    3. enabling SIGIO is racy at socket-accept
    multiple system calls are required to accept a connection on a
    socket and then
    enable SIGIO on it. packets can arrive in the meantime.
    one can workaround this with a poll() but its bad.

    4. in practical terms, SIGIO-based I/O isn't very good at expressing a
    "no POLL_OUT" signal.

    5. SIGIO is only a _notification_ mechanism. it does NOTHING for
    zero-copy-i/o from/to-disk
    from/to-userspace from/to-network.



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