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    From
    SubjectBIOS problem, pro Microsoft, anti other OS
    To Maintainer:
    PCI SUBSYSTEM
    P: Martin Mares
    M: mj@suse.cz
    L: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
    S: Supported

    This alert should probably be forwarded to Others, but appropriate
    subTask persons in the kernel-source Maintainers list were not obvious.

    Briefly, documented below is the fact/complications that some PC BIOS
    chips are now coming with a default Microsoft setting, which makes them
    hostile to some functionalities of other OS. If particular under Linux,
    a PCI Winmodem did NOT function with the Win98 BIOS setting, but did
    fine with BIOS choice "Other OS". Possible, other PCI devices under
    Linux OS might be simmilarly afflicated.

    This indicates a need for Linux install software to be equipped with a
    utility to probe the BIOS and report back "Linux hostile" BIOS
    settings. Today most Newbies are getting new PC boxes equipped with
    WinModems. Hostile BIOS settings will block their capability to get
    on-line. Unfortunately, I do not have the technical capablity to
    directly contribute. Thus please forward this alert to however may be
    capable and concerned with dealing with the problem.

    MarvS, co-maintainer: http://walbran.org/sean/linux/linmodem-howto.html

    ===========================================
    Subject: Device or resource busy : SUCCESS !
    Date: Sun, 24 Dec 2000 14:46:04 +0200 (IST)
    From: Jacques Goldberg <goldberg@phep2.technion.ac.il>
    Reply-To: Jacques Goldberg <Jacques.Goldberg@cern.ch>
    To: discuss@linmodems.org

    Well, my very sincere thanks to all of you. It works.

    DETAILS:
    I purchased a Gateway Solo 2550 in September, comes with ActionTec PCI
    56k
    modem (Lucent chip vendor 11c1, device 448).
    I tried the 568 ltmodem: device or resource busy,could not guess why.
    cat /pro/pci would show no interrupt
    Then ltmodem 578 was made available: same problem.
    But then the PnP issue at boot came again last week.
    I had tried several times to discover the option in my BIOS setup.
    This morning I found: in the "advanced" page there is an "Operating
    System" option, to be set to "the most frequently used OS". I had left
    it
    as Win98/2000 (as I received the machine).
    I just selected OTHER.
    Lo and behold, ltmodem.o loads without a flaw, I then had a short dumb
    terminal session with minicom, and am now connected at my first attempt
    with ppp, having already used X11, ssh, and Netscape.

    So, again my deepest thanks to all of you on this list, and the bottom
    line for newcomers:

    IF (Device.or.resource busy) CHECK YOUR BIOS.

    By the way I am running RH-6.1, kernel 2.2.12-20 (CERN "official" Linux
    distribution). They are on vacations now, I cannot check at this time if
    their version of ppp is "generic" or reworked.

    Jacques J. Goldberg
    Jacques.Goldberg@cern.ch
    >>>> Currently at TECHNION <<<<
    PHONE: Technion=+(972)(0)(4)829.36.63
    CERN=+(41)(22)767.84.72
    -------- Original Message --------
    Subject: Crippling BIOSes
    Date: Sun, 24 Dec 2000 14:55:36 -0500
    From: Marvin Stodolsky <stodolsk@rcn.com>
    To: LinModems <discuss@linmodems.org>

    Folks,
    Given Jacques report, it would be good to set up a
    diagnostic for BIOS which have such Microsoft/Other choices.
    Mine does not.
    For those of you who have such BIOSes, please
    1) Do boots under both choices
    2) Under microsoft do:
    dmesg > ms.txt
    3) Under other
    dmesg > other.txt
    4) diff ms.txt other.txt
    and report the differences to the List with the name of the BIOS.
    If would clearly be desirable to equip future Linux kernels/software to
    give a warning about the crippling microsoft option,
    which may hamper other PCI harware under Linux as well.

    MarvS

    -------- Original Message --------
    Subject: Re: dmesg detection??
    Date: Mon, 25 Dec 2000 09:29:20 +0200 (IST)
    From: Jacques Goldberg <goldberg@phep2.technion.ac.il>
    Reply-To: Jacques Goldberg <Jacques.Goldberg@cern.ch>
    To: Marvin Stodolsky <stodolsk@rcn.com>
    CC: discuss@linmodem.org

    Gateway Solo 2150
    Phoenix BIOS version 17.50
    BIOS Page "Advanced"
    BIOS Field "Installed O/S" may be "Other" "Win98/Win2000" or "Win95"
    Did not try "Win95"
    Default was Win98/Win2000, dmesg file attached is ms.txt
    Changed to "Other" , dmesg file atached is other.txt

    Linux kernel 2.2.12-20

    SOUND:
    CONFIG_SOUND set to "m"
    Using OSS driver (ES-1371 not supported by RH-6.1 2.2.12-20
    distribution)
    Using PPP version 2.3.10-3

    Everything works fine (ppp sessions with sound) once BIOS O/S choice
    set
    to OTHER.

    I repeat what my problem was:
    -could not load ltmodem : "Device or resource busy"
    -cat /pro/pci did not show IRQ, not even the word IRQ, for Lucent modem
    -setting BIOS to OTHER instantly made everything work.

    Jacques J. Goldberg
    Jacques.Goldberg@cern.ch


    -------- dmesg > ms.txt (Win98 BIOS setting)------------

    Linux version 2.2.12-20 (root@porky.devel.redhat.com) (gcc version
    egcs-2.91.66 19990314/Linux
    (egcs-1.1.2 release)) #1 Mon Sep 27 10:40:35 EDT 1999
    Detected 601381815 Hz processor.
    Console: colour VGA+ 80x25
    Calibrating delay loop... 599.65 BogoMIPS
    Memory: 62720k/65472k available (1008k kernel code, 412k reserved, 988k
    data, 64k init)
    DENTRY hash table entries: 262144 (order: 9, 2097152 bytes)
    Buffer-cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes)
    Page-cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
    VFS: Diskquotas version dquot_6.4.0 initialized
    Pentium-III serial number disabled.
    CPU: Intel Pentium III (Coppermine) stepping 03
    Checking 386/387 coupling... OK, FPU using exception 16 error reporting.
    Checking 'hlt' instruction... OK.
    POSIX conformance testing by UNIFIX
    mtrr: v1.35a (19990819) Richard Gooch (rgooch@atnf.csiro.au)
    PCI: PCI BIOS revision 2.10 entry at 0xfd9be
    PCI: Using configuration type 1
    PCI: Probing PCI hardware
    Linux NET4.0 for Linux 2.2
    Based upon Swansea University Computer Society NET3.039
    NET4: Unix domain sockets 1.0 for Linux NET4.0.
    NET4: Linux TCP/IP 1.0 for NET4.0
    IP Protocols: ICMP, UDP, TCP, IGMP
    TCP: Hash tables configured (ehash 65536 bhash 65536)
    Initializing RT netlink socket
    Starting kswapd v 1.5
    Detected PS/2 Mouse Port.
    Serial driver version 4.27 with MANY_PORTS MULTIPORT SHARE_IRQ enabled
    ttyS00 at 0x03f8 (irq = 4) is a 16550A
    pty: 256 Unix98 ptys configured
    apm: BIOS version 1.2 Flags 0x03 (Driver version 1.9)
    Real Time Clock Driver v1.09
    RAM disk driver initialized: 16 RAM disks of 4096K size
    PIIX4: IDE controller on PCI bus 00 dev 39
    PIIX4: not 100% native mode: will probe irqs later
    ide0: BM-DMA at 0x1050-0x1057, BIOS settings: hda:DMA, hdb:pio
    ide1: BM-DMA at 0x1058-0x105f, BIOS settings: hdc:DMA, hdd:pio
    hda: TOSHIBA MK1214GAP, ATA DISK drive
    hdc: CRN-8241B, ATAPI CDROM drive
    ide0 at 0x1f0-0x1f7,0x3f6 on irq 14
    ide1 at 0x170-0x177,0x376 on irq 15
    hda: TOSHIBA MK1214GAP, 11513MB w/0kB Cache, CHS=1559/240/63
    hdc: ATAPI 24X CD-ROM drive, 128kB Cache
    Uniform CDROM driver Revision: 2.56
    Floppy drive(s): fd0 is 1.44M
    FDC 0 is a National Semiconductor PC87306
    md driver 0.90.0 MAX_MD_DEVS=256, MAX_REAL=12
    raid5: measuring checksumming speed
    raid5: MMX detected, trying high-speed MMX checksum routines
    pII_mmx : 1338.072 MB/sec
    p5_mmx : 1405.509 MB/sec
    8regs : 1032.891 MB/sec
    32regs : 579.120 MB/sec
    using fastest function: p5_mmx (1405.509 MB/sec)
    scsi : 0 hosts.
    scsi : detected total.
    md.c: sizeof(mdp_super_t) = 4096
    Partition check:
    hda: [PTBL] [1467/255/63] hda1 hda2 < hda5 hda6 hda7 >
    RAMDISK: Compressed image found at block 0
    autodetecting RAID arrays
    autorun ...
    ... autorun DONE.
    VFS: Mounted root (ext2 filesystem).
    autodetecting RAID arrays
    autorun ...
    ... autorun DONE.
    VFS: Mounted root (ext2 filesystem) readonly.
    change_root: old root has d_count=1
    Trying to unmount old root ... okay
    Freeing unused kernel memory: 64k freed
    Adding Swap: 200772k swap-space (priority -1)
    Linux PCMCIA Card Services 3.0.14
    kernel build: 2.2.12-20 #1 Mon Sep 27 10:40:35 EDT 1999
    options: [pci] [cardbus] [apm]
    Intel PCIC probe:
    TI 1225 PCI-to-CardBus at bus 0 slot 8, mem 0x68000000, 2 sockets
    host opts [0]: [ring] [pwr save] [serial pci & irq] [no pci irq]
    [lat 168/176] [bus 32/34]
    host opts [1]: [ring] [pwr save] [serial pci & irq] [no pci irq]
    [lat 168/176] [bus 35/37]
    ISA irqs (scanned) = 4,7,10,11 polling interval = 1000 ms
    cs: IO port probe 0x1000-0x17ff: excluding 0x1000-0x10e7 0x1400-0x14ff
    cs: IO port probe 0x0100-0x04ff: excluding 0x378-0x37f 0x4d0-0x4d7
    cs: IO port probe 0x0a00-0x0aff: clean.
    cs: memory probe 0xa0000000-0xa0ffffff: clean.
    3c574_cs.c v1.08 9/24/98 Donald Becker/David Hinds,
    becker@cesdis.gsfc.nasa.gov.
    eth0: Megahertz 574B at io 0x300, irq 10, hw_addr 00:50:DA:E4:5F:B9.
    ASIC rev 1, 64K FIFO split 1:1 Rx:Tx, autoselect MII interface.
    eth0: found link beat
    eth0: link partner did not autonegotiate


    ------------dmesg > other.txt (Other BIOS setting) -----------------

    Linux version 2.2.12-20 (root@porky.devel.redhat.com) (gcc version
    egcs-2.91.66 19990314/Linux
    (egcs-1.1.2 release)) #1 Mon Sep 27 10:40:35 EDT 1999
    Detected 601374658 Hz processor.
    Console: colour VGA+ 80x25
    Calibrating delay loop... 599.65 BogoMIPS
    Memory: 62720k/65472k available (1008k kernel code, 412k reserved, 988k
    data, 64k init)
    DENTRY hash table entries: 262144 (order: 9, 2097152 bytes)
    Buffer-cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes)
    Page-cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
    VFS: Diskquotas version dquot_6.4.0 initialized
    Pentium-III serial number disabled.
    CPU: Intel Pentium III (Coppermine) stepping 03
    Checking 386/387 coupling... OK, FPU using exception 16 error reporting.
    Checking 'hlt' instruction... OK.
    POSIX conformance testing by UNIFIX
    mtrr: v1.35a (19990819) Richard Gooch (rgooch@atnf.csiro.au)
    PCI: PCI BIOS revision 2.10 entry at 0xfd9be
    PCI: Using configuration type 1
    PCI: Probing PCI hardware
    PCI: Enabling I/O for device 00:3a
    PCI: Enabling I/O for device 00:50
    PCI: Enabling memory for device 00:50
    Linux NET4.0 for Linux 2.2
    Based upon Swansea University Computer Society NET3.039
    NET4: Unix domain sockets 1.0 for Linux NET4.0.
    NET4: Linux TCP/IP 1.0 for NET4.0
    IP Protocols: ICMP, UDP, TCP, IGMP
    TCP: Hash tables configured (ehash 65536 bhash 65536)
    Initializing RT netlink socket
    Starting kswapd v 1.5
    Detected PS/2 Mouse Port.
    Serial driver version 4.27 with MANY_PORTS MULTIPORT SHARE_IRQ enabled
    ttyS00 at 0x03f8 (irq = 4) is a 16550A
    pty: 256 Unix98 ptys configured
    apm: BIOS version 1.2 Flags 0x03 (Driver version 1.9)
    Real Time Clock Driver v1.09
    RAM disk driver initialized: 16 RAM disks of 4096K size
    PIIX4: IDE controller on PCI bus 00 dev 39
    PIIX4: not 100% native mode: will probe irqs later
    ide0: BM-DMA at 0x1050-0x1057, BIOS settings: hda:DMA, hdb:pio
    ide1: BM-DMA at 0x1058-0x105f, BIOS settings: hdc:DMA, hdd:pio
    hda: TOSHIBA MK1214GAP, ATA DISK drive
    hdc: CRN-8241B, ATAPI CDROM drive
    ide0 at 0x1f0-0x1f7,0x3f6 on irq 14
    ide1 at 0x170-0x177,0x376 on irq 15
    hda: TOSHIBA MK1214GAP, 11513MB w/0kB Cache, CHS=1559/240/63
    hdc: ATAPI 24X CD-ROM drive, 128kB Cache
    Uniform CDROM driver Revision: 2.56
    Floppy drive(s): fd0 is 1.44M
    FDC 0 is a National Semiconductor PC87306
    md driver 0.90.0 MAX_MD_DEVS=256, MAX_REAL=12
    raid5: measuring checksumming speed
    raid5: MMX detected, trying high-speed MMX checksum routines
    pII_mmx : 1338.072 MB/sec
    p5_mmx : 1405.509 MB/sec
    8regs : 1032.891 MB/sec
    32regs : 578.739 MB/sec
    using fastest function: p5_mmx (1405.509 MB/sec)
    scsi : 0 hosts.
    scsi : detected total.
    md.c: sizeof(mdp_super_t) = 4096
    Partition check:
    hda: [PTBL] [1467/255/63] hda1 hda2 < hda5 hda6 hda7 >
    RAMDISK: Compressed image found at block 0
    autodetecting RAID arrays
    autorun ...
    ... autorun DONE.
    VFS: Mounted root (ext2 filesystem).
    autodetecting RAID arrays
    autorun ...
    ... autorun DONE.
    VFS: Mounted root (ext2 filesystem) readonly.
    change_root: old root has d_count=1
    Trying to unmount old root ... okay
    Freeing unused kernel memory: 64k freed
    Adding Swap: 200772k swap-space (priority -1)
    Linux PCMCIA Card Services 3.0.14
    kernel build: 2.2.12-20 #1 Mon Sep 27 10:40:35 EDT 1999
    options: [pci] [cardbus] [apm]
    Intel PCIC probe:
    TI 1225 PCI-to-CardBus at bus 0 slot 8, mem 0x68000000, 2 sockets
    host opts [0]: [ring] [pwr save] [serial pci & irq] [no pci irq]
    [lat 168/176] [bus 32/34]
    host opts [1]: [ring] [pwr save] [serial pci & irq] [no pci irq]
    [lat 168/176] [bus 35/37]
    ISA irqs (scanned) = 3,4,7,10,11 polling interval = 1000 ms
    cs: IO port probe 0x1000-0x17ff: excluding 0x1000-0x10a7 0x10c0-0x10ff
    0x1400-0x14ff
    cs: IO port probe 0x0100-0x04ff: excluding 0x378-0x37f 0x4d0-0x4d7
    cs: IO port probe 0x0a00-0x0aff: clean.
    cs: memory probe 0xa0000000-0xa0ffffff: clean.
    3c574_cs.c v1.08 9/24/98 Donald Becker/David Hinds,
    becker@cesdis.gsfc.nasa.gov.
    eth0: Megahertz 574B at io 0x300, irq 10, hw_addr 00:50:DA:E4:5F:B9.
    ASIC rev 1, 64K FIFO split 1:1 Rx:Tx, autoselect MII interface.
    eth0: found link beat
    eth0: link partner did not autonegotiate


    ----------diff ms.txt other.txt-------------------------------

    2c2
    < Detected 601381815 Hz processor.
    ---
    > Detected 601374658 Hz processor.
    18a19,21
    > PCI: Enabling I/O for device 00:3a
    > PCI: Enabling I/O for device 00:50
    > PCI: Enabling memory for device 00:50
    53c56
    < 32regs : 579.120 MB/sec
    ---
    > 32regs : 578.739 MB/sec
    80,81c83,84
    < ISA irqs (scanned) = 4,7,10,11 polling interval = 1000 ms
    < cs: IO port probe 0x1000-0x17ff: excluding 0x1000-0x10e7 0x1400-0x14ff
    ---
    > ISA irqs (scanned) = 3,4,7,10,11 polling interval = 1000 ms
    > cs: IO port probe 0x1000-0x17ff: excluding 0x1000-0x10a7 0x10c0-0x10ff 0x1400-0x14ff
    ===================================================
    Unfortunately, there is nothing obvious (at least to me) in the above
    diagnostics, that would serve to signal the Linux Hostile, Win98 BIOS
    setting.

    MarvS
    -
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