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SubjectRe: test10-pre7
Date
On Mon, 30 Oct 2000 11:32:33 -0800 (PST), 
Linus Torvalds <torvalds@transmeta.com> wrote:
> - pre7:
> - Randy Dunlap, USB: printer.c, usb-storage, usb identification and
> memory leak fixes

USB still gets unresolved symbols when part is in kernel, part is in
modules and modversions are set. Patch against 2.4.0-test10-pre7, only
affects drivers/usb/Makefile.

Index: 0-test10-pre7.1/drivers/usb/Makefile
--- 0-test10-pre7.1/drivers/usb/Makefile Tue, 24 Oct 2000 14:20:12 +1100 kaos (linux-2.4/n/b/19_Makefile 1.1.1.11 644)
+++ 0-test10-pre7.1(w)/drivers/usb/Makefile Tue, 31 Oct 2000 08:33:46 +1100 kaos (linux-2.4/n/b/19_Makefile 1.1.1.11 644)
@@ -18,6 +18,18 @@ O_OBJS :=

export-objs := usb.o

+# usb.o contains usb_init which is marked as __initcall (actually
+# module_init). usb_init must be executed before all other usb __initcall
+# routines, otherwise the individual drivers will be initialized before the
+# hub driver is, causing the hub driver initialization sequence to
+# needlessly probe every USB driver with the root hub device. This causes
+# a lot of unnecessary system log messages, a lot of user confusion, and
+# has been known to cause a incorrectly programmed USB device driver to
+# grab the root hub device improperly.
+# Greg Kroah-Hartman, 27 Oct 2000
+
+LINK_FIRST := usb.o
+
# Multipart objects.

list-multi := usbcore.o
@@ -98,6 +110,10 @@ int-m := $(sort $(foreach m, $(multi-m)

obj-m := $(filter-out $(obj-y), $(obj-m))
int-m := $(filter-out $(int-y), $(int-m))
+
+# Take multi-part drivers out of obj-y and put components in.
+
+obj-y := $(filter-out $(list-multi), $(obj-y)) $(int-y)

# Translate to Rules.make lists.

Index: 0-test10-pre7.1/Rules.make
--- 0-test10-pre7.1/Rules.make Tue, 19 Sep 2000 10:36:07 +1100 kaos (linux-2.4/B/c/24_Rules.make 1.2.1.4 644)
+++ 0-test10-pre7.1(w)/Rules.make Tue, 31 Oct 2000 08:33:46 +1100 kaos (linux-2.4/B/c/24_Rules.make 1.2.1.4 644)
@@ -31,6 +31,9 @@ unexport LX_OBJS
unexport MX_OBJS
unexport MIX_OBJS
unexport SYMTAB_OBJS
+# Control link order, added 29 Oct 2000 Keith Owens <kaos@ocs.com.au>
+unexport LINK_FIRST
+unexport LINK_LAST

#
# Get things started.
@@ -84,8 +87,19 @@ all_targets: $(O_TARGET) $(L_TARGET)
#
# Rule to compile a set of .o files into one .o file
#
+# Note: if LINK_FIRST or LINK_LAST are specified, the rest of the
+# object files are sorted to remove duplicates. Thus, if you use
+# LINK_FIRST/LAST, make sure they specify all ordering requirements.
+#
ifdef O_TARGET
-ALL_O = $(OX_OBJS) $(O_OBJS)
+ ALL_O = $(OX_OBJS) $(O_OBJS)
+ ifneq ($(strip $(LINK_FIRST)$(LINK_LAST)),)
+ ALL_O := $(sort $(ALL_O))
+ ALL_O := \
+ $(filter $(ALL_O), $(LINK_FIRST)) \
+ $(filter-out $(LINK_FIRST) $(LINK_LAST), $(ALL_O)) \
+ $(filter $(ALL_O), $(LINK_LAST))
+ endif
$(O_TARGET): $(ALL_O)
rm -f $@
ifneq "$(strip $(ALL_O))" ""
Index: 0-test10-pre7.1/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt
--- 0-test10-pre7.1/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt Tue, 31 Oct 2000 08:28:16 +1100 kaos (linux-2.4/b/d/12_makefiles. 1.4 644)
+++ 0-test10-pre7.1(w)/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt Tue, 31 Oct 2000 08:33:46 +1100 kaos (linux-2.4/b/d/12_makefiles. 1.4 644)
@@ -1,6 +1,9 @@
Linux Kernel Makefiles
2000-September-14
Michael Elizabeth Chastain, <mec@shout.net>
+2000-October-29
+LINK_FIRST/LAST Keith Owens <kaos@ocs.com.au>,
+ Peter Samuelson <peter@cadcamlab.org>



@@ -319,7 +322,7 @@ architecture-specific values.
# arch/alpha/Makefile

SUBDIRS := $(SUBDIRS) arch/alpha/kernel arch/alpha/mm \
- arch/alpha/lib arch/alpha/math-emu
+ arch/alpha/lib arch/alpha/math-emu

This list may depend on the configuration:

@@ -645,12 +648,17 @@ The public interface of Rules.make consi
with the name $(O_TARGET). This $(O_TARGET) name also appears
in the top Makefile.

- The order of files in $(O_OBJS) and $(OX_OBJS) is significant.
- All $(OX_OBJS) files come first, in the order listed, followed by
- all $(O_OBJS) files, in the order listed. Duplicates in the lists
- are allowed: the first instance will be linked into $(O_TARGET)
- and succeeding instances will be ignored. (Note: Rules.make may
- emit warning messages for duplicates, but this is harmless).
+ Even if a subdirectory Makefile has an $(O_TARGET), the .config
+ options still control whether or not its $(O_TARGET) goes into
+ vmlinux. See the $(M_OBJS) example below.
+
+ If neither $(LINK_FIRST) nor $(LINK_LAST) are defined, the order of
+ files in $(O_OBJS) and $(OX_OBJS) is significant. All $(OX_OBJS)
+ files come first, in the order listed, followed by all $(O_OBJS)
+ files, in the order listed. Duplicates in the lists are allowed:
+ the first instance will be linked into $(O_TARGET) and succeeding
+ instances will be ignored. (Note: Rules.make may emit warning
+ messages for duplicates, but this is harmless).

Example:

@@ -669,9 +677,61 @@ The public interface of Rules.make consi
O_OBJS += pci.o pci_iommu.o
endif

- Even if a subdirectory Makefile has an $(O_TARGET), the .config
- options still control whether or not its $(O_TARGET) goes into
- vmlinux. See the $(M_OBJS) example below.
+ If either $(LINK_FIRST) or $(LINK_LAST) are defined, the order of
+ files in $(O_OBJS) and $(OX_OBJS) is ignored. Instead the files are
+ linked in the order $(LINK_FIRST), the rest, $(LINK_LAST). The
+ order of entries in $(LINK_FIRST) and $(LINK_LAST) is preserved
+ exactly as specified. The order of the rest of the files is
+ undefined; currently it is alphabetical, but you must not rely on
+ this. When either $(LINK_FIRST) or $(LINK_LAST) are defined, they
+ must satisfy all possible ordering requirements for the
+ corresponding $(O_TARGET).
+
+ The only justification for $(LINK_FIRST) and $(LINK_LAST) is to
+ control the order of initialization routines. Routines which are
+ defined as __initcall or module_init and are linked into the kernel
+ will be executed during kernel startup in the order they were
+ linked.
+
+ Use $(LINK_FIRST) to ensure that certain routines, if present, are
+ executed before all others in the current directory. For example,
+ usb_init() in usb.c must be executed before all other usb
+ initialization routines:
+
+ # drivers/usb/Makefile
+ LINK_FIRST := usb.o
+
+ Use $(LINK_LAST) to ensure that initialization routines, if present,
+ are executed after all other such routines in the current directory.
+ Typically this is needed where you have multiple drivers that can
+ recognise a piece of hardware and you want the older drivers to be
+ tried last. For example, SCSI card `foo' can be controlled by
+ drivers bar.o and baz.o but baz.o is preferred, if present.
+ ``LINK_LAST := bar.o'' will ensure that the initialization routines
+ in bar.o are tried last.
+
+ [Note that the only way to control the kernel link order *between*
+ directories is by manipulating variables such as $(DRIVERS-y) in the
+ toplevel Makefile. This has directory-level granularity; if
+ finer-grained control is needed, you must use a workaround. Such
+ cases should be rare, if they exist at all.]
+
+ $(LINK_FIRST) and $(LINK_LAST) must not contain any duplicate object
+ names. For this reason, you should define them unconditionally,
+ i.e. they should not depend on the kernel configuration. They do
+ not need to, because they only affect the link order, not the actual
+ list of objects linked to $(O_TARGET). In other words, if an object
+ appears in $(LINK_FIRST) or $(LINK_LAST) but does not appear in
+ $(O_OBJS) or $(OX_OBJS), it is ignored.
+
+ All uses of $(LINK_FIRST) and $(LINK_LAST) must be justified and
+ fully documented in the Makefile. Historically, entries in
+ Makefiles were manually ordered with no documentation. This is
+ unfortunate because now, in some cases, we cannot be sure whether a
+ particular ordering is by chance or by necessity -- or, if by
+ necessity, what the reason was. This lack of critical information
+ is unacceptable. See drivers/usb/Makefile for an example of the
+ level of detail required.



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