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    SubjectRe: OT: multithreaded web server implementation (Re: Linus on Linux, Apache and Threads)
    On Sat, 24 Apr 1999, Olaf Titz wrote:

    > > Huh? It's not that hard of a problem. You have one (or several) thread
    > > that just reads from network sockets. They package up the requests and put
    > > them on the end of a queue. The other threads just pull requests off the
    > > head of the queue. The trick is all in waking up the sleeping threads when
    > > the queue becomes non-empty without having the "thundering herd" problem.
    > Even simpler: put the worker threads themselves on a queue. The
    > acceptor thread dequeues a worker thread and hands it the request, the
    > worker threads re-enqueue themselves after doing work. A queue-watcher
    > thread spawns and enqueues new workers whenever the queue runs dry (or
    > takes some out of the [end of] a queue when there are too many
    > unused). A thread can hold a keep-alive connection and not re-enqueue
    > itself, it can exit (implicitly not re-enqueuing itself) and do
    > similar stuff it likes, the queue-watcher will always take care. The
    > acceptor could be split into several threads (easing virtual hosts?),
    > etc.

    The Roxen webserver ( in multithreaded mode works
    (almost) like this: it has a request accepting and data shuffling thread
    (select()/poll()-based) and a pool of "request handling" threads, with a
    requests queue inbetween.
    It also has a single-thread mode where the data shuffler does the
    actual work too.
    A third mode (Accept And Parse) is being deeveloped. It uses lightweight
    threads (and sendfile()) for even better performance.

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