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    SubjectRe: Troubles with tcpdump
    On Wed, 19 Feb 1997 08:43:24 -0500, (Dale R. Worley) wrote:
    >I've just started using tcpdump (tcpdump-3.0.4-1, kernel 2.0.23), and
    >it works fine on Ethernet and loopback devices, but seems to be deaf
    >for PPP devices. Does anyone know why this is?

    Possibly because of this problem. Mailed to linux-net and linux-ppp,
    not one response :(. I have tried tracking it down myself but I do not
    understand how packets are fed from kernel to tcpdump.

    From: Keith Owens <>
    Subject: tcpdump expects PPP protocol number, missing
    Mime-Version: 1.0
    Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
    Date: Sun, 02 Feb 1997 19:02:57 +1100
    Sender: root@ocs4.ocs_net

    Linux 2.0.24, ppp 2.2.0f, tcpdump 3.3 (the official Linux version).

    "tcpdump -nl -ippp0" works fine and dumps everything coming down the
    link. "tcpdump -nl -ippp0 select" shows nothing, for any select value
    including ip, icmp, tcp, udp, host a.b.c.d etc. This is not a new
    problem, I've seen it since 1.3.54 at tcpdump 3.2 (at least) and it is
    still in 2.1.24, I just got annoyed enough to go hunting.

    The problem is the tcpdump generated filter code expects the PPP
    packets to have a 4 byte encapsulation with x'0021' in bytes 2-3.
    kdebug shows incoming packets are fine, 'FF 03 00 21 45 00 00 54',
    exactly what tcpdump expects. However by the time the packet gets to
    tcpdump, the first 4 bytes are zero, '00 00 00 00 45 00 00 54' instead.
    tcpdump only checks for the protocol if you add a selection to the
    command so a full dump of ppp works fine.

    Why are the ppp encapsulation bytes zeroed before passing to tcpdump?
    Ethernet 10 encapsulation is passed correctly and "tcpdump -nl -ieth0
    select" works.

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